A.sudden rush, swoop, onset, “ἀετοῦ” LXX De.28.49 ; of attacking troops, ib. 1 Ma.4.8, al.; of the fall of a stone, Apoc.18.21: pl., rapid movement, ὁρμήμασι νηός, = νηῒ ὁρμωμένη, Orac. ap. Ael.NA13.21.
2. = ὁρμή, impulse, incitement, motive, “μηδ᾽ . . ἡμῶν τι συνεργὸν μηδ᾽ ὅ.” Epicur.Nat.98 G., cf. Plu.2.452c ; τὸ ὅ. μου my indignation, LXX Ho.5.10 ; θαλάσσης -ήματα, of the tides, Procl.Par.Ptol. 4.
II. the earliest ex. is “Ἑλένης ὁρμήματά τε στοναχάς τε” Il. 2.356,590, where Ἑλένης is taken by Aristarch. ap. Sch.A as the objective gen., the cares (as if from ὁρμαίνω) and groans [of the Greeks] about Helen, i. e. caused by her; by the χωρίζοντες (ibid.) as the subjective gen., the searchings of heart and groans of Helen ; the former view is more prob., but ὁ. may be from ὁρμάομαι and mean the rushes, struggles of war.