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περίοικος , ον,
A.dwelling round, “οἱ π. ΛίβυεςHdt.4.159; οἱ π. neighbours, Id.1.166, 175, Ephipp.5.6 ; π. (sc. χώρα) LXX Ge.19.25 ; τὸ π. τοῦ Ἰορδάνου ib.3 Ki.7.33(46); τὰ π. the neighbouring countries, App.Mith. 112, Hdn.6.2.1.
II. in Laconia, οἱ π. the inhabitants of the towns dependent on Sparta, Hdt.6.58,9.11, Th.1.101, etc.; also in Crete, Arist.Pol.1271b30 ; at Argos, ib.1303a8 : hence generally, dependent, subject, “περιοίκους τε καὶ οἰκέτας ἔχοντεςPl.R.547c ; “ἐξὸν . . ἅπαντας τοὺς βαρβάρους περιοίκους τῆς Ἑλλάδος καταστῆσαιIsoc.4.131.
III. geographically, περίοικοι, οἱ, those who live on the same parallel of latitude as ourselves but 180<*> East or West of us, opp. ἄντοικοι (v. Addenda), ἀντίποδες (qq. v.). Gem.16.1, Cleom.1.2.
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hide References (8 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (8):
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.166
    • Herodotus, Histories, 4.159
    • Herodotus, Histories, 6.58
    • Herodotus, Histories, 9.11
    • Isocrates, Panegyricus, 131
    • Old Testament, Genesis, 19.25
    • Plato, Republic, 547c
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.101
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