previous next
προέχω , contr. προὔχω , as always in Hom., exc. Od.12.11 (v. infr. B), also in S. and Th.: fut. προέξω: aor. προέσχον, Med. προεσχόμην, προὐσχόμην, cf. προΐσχω:—
A.hold before,τὴν ἀσπίδα τῆς κωλῆςAr.Nu. 989; esp. so as to protect another, “τὼ χεῖρε π.X.Cyr.2.3.10:—Med., hold before oneself,προὔχοντο ἑκάστοθι ἐννέα ταύρουςOd.3.8; hold out before one,πρὸ δούρατ᾽ ἔχοντοIl.17.355, cf. Hdt.2.42; προὐσχόμην σε held you out as a child (to do your needs), Ar.Nu.1385.
2. metaph. in Med., put forward as a pretext,τάδ᾽ ἂν προὔχοιοS.Ant.80; ὅπερ μάλιστα προὔχονται εἰ καθαιρεθείη, μὴ ἂν γίγνεσθαι τὸν πόλεμον the cancellation of which is the chief consideration in return for which they pretend that war would not occur, Th.1.140.
b. hold forth, offer, προείχοντο αὐτοῖςId.3.68: προΐσχομαι (q.v.) is more usual in this sense.
II. to be possessed or informed of a thing beforehand,π. τῶν Ἀθηναίων οὐ φιλίας γνώμαςHdt.9.4, cf. D.S.31.27, D.C. 43.3.
2. have before, προεῖχεν μισθῷ . . Πτολεμαῖος had hitherto on lease, BGU889.9 (ii A.D.), cf. Sammelb.5672.5 (ii A.D.), etc.; εἰς τοῦτο ὑπολόγησον προέχουσι what they have already received, PPetr.2p.32(iii B.C.): abs., προέχων the first recipient, Arist.EN 1164b9.
II. in running, to be the first, have the start, Il.23.325: c. gen., ἡμέρης ὁδῷ π. τῶν Περσέων keep ahead of them by a day's march, Hdt.4.120; προέχων τῶν ἄλλων [ὁ ἵππος] getting before the rest, Id.9.22; τῇ κεφαλῇ π. beat by a head, in racing, X.Cyr.4.3.16: of Time, προεῖχε [ἡ τριήρης] ἡμέρᾳ καὶ νυκτί started first by . . , Th.3.49; “π. εἴκοσιν ἔτεσινPl.Lg.879c: metaph., have the advantage of,τινὸς τῷ διπλασίῳAntipho3.3.2.
2. of rank, c. gen., δήμου προὔχουσιν they are the first or chief of the people, h.Cer.151; τοῦ Δωρικοῦ, τοῦ Ἰωνικοῦ [γένεος], Hdt.1.56: abs., to be superior, Th.1.39, 3.82; “ἀνθρωπεία φύσις πολεμία τοῦ προὔχοντοςto all that is eminent, Id.3.84; οἱ προὔχοντες the chief men, Id.5.17; οἱ π. [βίοι] the principal kinds of lives, Arist.EN1095b18.
b. rarely c. acc. pers., X.An.3.2.19(nisi secl. [ἡμᾶς]):—Pass., to be excelled,οὐθὲν π. ὑπὸ τοῦ ΔιόςPlu.2.1038d; to be in worse case, Ep.Rom.3.9.
III. impers., οὔ τι προέχει it is of no advantage, c. inf., Hdt.9.27.
hide Dictionary Entry Lookup
Use this tool to search for dictionary entries in all lexica.
Search for in
How to enter text in Greek:
hide References (45 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (45):
    • Antiphon, Second Tetralogy, 3.2
    • Herodotus, Histories, 2.136
    • Herodotus, Histories, 2.42
    • Herodotus, Histories, 3.82
    • Herodotus, Histories, 4.120
    • Herodotus, Histories, 9.4
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.1
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.56
    • Herodotus, Histories, 4.177
    • Herodotus, Histories, 9.22
    • Herodotus, Histories, 9.27
    • Homer, Iliad, 17.355
    • Homer, Iliad, 23.325
    • Homer, Odyssey, 10.90
    • Homer, Odyssey, 19.544
    • Homer, Odyssey, 3.8
    • Homer, Odyssey, 12.11
    • Homer, Odyssey, 6.138
    • Homeric Hymns, Hymn 2 to Demeter, 151
    • Isocrates, Helen, 5
    • Plato, Laws, 879c
    • Sophocles, Antigone, 208
    • Sophocles, Antigone, 80
    • Sophocles, Philoctetes, 138
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.39
    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.82
    • Thucydides, Histories, 4.109
    • Thucydides, Histories, 5.17
    • Thucydides, Histories, 6.16
    • Thucydides, Histories, 6.97
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.140
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.18
    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.49
    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.68
    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.84
    • Thucydides, Histories, 7.66
    • Xenophon, Anabasis, 3.2.19
    • Xenophon, Cyropaedia, 4.3.16
    • Xenophon, Cyropaedia, 2.3.10
    • Homer, Iliad, 22.97
    • Aristophanes, Clouds, 1385
    • Aristophanes, Clouds, 989
    • Thucydides, Histories, 2.76
    • Lucian, Muscae Encomium, 1
    • Cassius Dio, Historia Romana, 43.3
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: