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ἄκρος , α, ον, (on the Root
A.v. ἀκή A) at the farthest point or end, hence either topmost, outermost, or inmost.
2. outermost, πεδίον ἐπ᾽ ἄκρον to the farthest edge of the plain, S.Ant. 1197; κατ᾽ ἄκρας σπιλάδος from the surface of a stone, Id.Tr.678; esp. of extremities of body, . χείρ, πόδες, ὦμος, end of hand, ends of feet, tip of shoulder, Il.5.336, 16.640, 17.599; “ἄκρων χειρῶν καὶ ποδῶνHdt.1.119, cf. Th.2.49, Pl.La. 183b, Ti.76e; but τὸ . τῆς χειρός, τοῦ ποδός, thumb, great toe, LXX Ex.29.20, Le.18.22; “γλῶσσαν ἄκρανS.Aj. 238; πίτυν ἄκρας τῆς κόμης καθέλκων by the top of the crown, Cratin. 296:—ἐπ᾽ ἄκρων [δακτύλων] on tiptoe, S.Aj. 1230, ubi v. Sch.; comically, ἐπ᾽ ἄκρων πυγιδίων on tip-tail, Ar.Ach.638; “ἐν ἄκροισι βὰς ποσίE.Ion1166; “παρ᾽ ἄκρας τρίχαςOr. 128; “ἀκροτάτοις χείλεσιEpigr.Gr. 547.8:—οὐκ ἀπ᾽ ἄκρας φρενός not from the outside of the heart, i.e. from the in mostheart, A.Ag.805, cf. E.Hec. 242; ἄκροισι λαίφους κρασπέδοις with mere edges of sail, i.e. under close-reejed sails, Id.Med.524, cf. Ar.Ra.999.
b. Geom., of the extremity of a line, “ ἐπ᾽ ἄκραν τὴν ἀποληφθεῖσαν ἀγομένηApollon. Perg.Con. 4.8: Math., of extremes in a proportion, Pl.Ti.36a, etc.; εἰς ἄκρον καὶ μέσον λόγον τέμνειν cut in extremeand mean ratio, Euc.6.30, cf.5 Def.17.
c. in Tactics, ἄκροι, οἱ, flank men, Ascl.Tact.1.3, cf. 7.6.
3. inmost, “μυελόςE.Hipp. 255.
II. of Time, ἄκρᾳ σὺν ἑσπέρᾳ on the edge of evening. i.e. at nightfall, Pi.P. 11.10, cf. “ἄκρῃ νυκτίArat.775; ἄκρου τοῦ ἔαρος at beginning of spring, IPE12.352.29 (Cherson., ii B. C.); but usu. denoting completeness, ἄκρου τοῦ θέρεος at mid-summer, Hp.Aph.3.18; “χειμῶνος ἄκρωTheoc. 11.37; ἄκρας νυκτός at dead of night, S.Aj.285.
III. of Degree, highest in its kind, consummate,
2. of things, highest, extreme, “συμφοράAlex. 222.4 (cj. Dobree); “νηστείαDiph.54: Sup., Pl.Phlb.45a.
IV. as Subst., v. ἄκρα, ἄκρον.
V. neut. as Adv., on the top or surface, “ἄκρον ἐπὶ ῥηγμῖνοςIl.20.229; “ἄκρα δ᾽ ἐπ᾽ αὐτᾶς βαθμῖδοςAP7.428.3 (Mel.).
2. reg. Adv. ἄκρως, ἀνεστάλθαι to be turned up at the point, Hp.Mochl.24.
b. utterly, perfectly, Pl.R.543a, Hegesand. 4; “μόνος ἄκρωςEuphro 1.5; σχῆμα . στρογγύλον absolutely round, Hero *Deff.76.
c. skilfully, Phld.Lib.p.27 O.
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  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (51):
    • Aeschylus, Agamemnon, 628
    • Aristophanes, Acharnians, 638
    • Aristophanes, Frogs, 999
    • Euclid, Elements, 5
    • Euripides, Hecuba, 242
    • Euripides, Hippolytus, 255
    • Euripides, Ion, 1166
    • Euripides, Medea, 524
    • Euripides, Orestes, 128
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.119
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.73
    • Herodotus, Histories, 5.112
    • Herodotus, Histories, 5.124
    • Herodotus, Histories, 6.122
    • Herodotus, Histories, 7.111
    • Herodotus, Histories, 7.140
    • Herodotus, Histories, 7.5
    • Homer, Iliad, 16.640
    • Homer, Iliad, 17.599
    • Homer, Iliad, 20.229
    • Homer, Iliad, 5.336
    • Homer, Odyssey, 22.278
    • Plato, Laws, 833e
    • Plato, Republic, 543a
    • Plato, Republic, 478e
    • Plato, Republic, 499c
    • Plato, Phaedo, 90a
    • Plato, Theaetetus, 148c
    • Plato, Theaetetus, 152e
    • Plato, Philebus, 45a
    • Plato, Laches, 183b
    • Plato, Timaeus, 76e
    • Plato, Timaeus, 36a
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 238
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 1230
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 285
    • Sophocles, Antigone, 1197
    • Sophocles, Electra, 1499
    • Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus, 1106
    • Sophocles, Trachiniae, 678
    • Homer, Iliad, 13.523
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    • Aeschylus, Agamemnon, 1130
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    • Hippocrates, Aphorismi, 3.18
    • Old Testament, Exodus, 29.20
    • Old Testament, Leviticus, 18.22
    • Thucydides, Histories, 2.49
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