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ἄρχων , οντος, , (part. of ἄρχω)
A.ruler, commander,νεόςHdt.5.33: abs., A.Th.674, S.Aj.668, etc.; chief, king,ἈσίαςA.Pers.73; . τοῦ κόσμου τούτου, of Satan, Ev.Jo.16.11, al.
II. as official title, chief magistrate, esp. at Athens, Th.1.126, etc.; “οἱ ἐννέα ἄρχοντεςIG2.163; οἱ ., at Sparta, the authorities, Hdt.6.106: sg., ἄρχων the eponymous magistrate of the year, IG1.52, al., Arist.Ath.3.3, etc.; so in Boeotia, at Delphi, Delos, and elsewhere, IG7.2407, SIG295.18, IG2.814, etc.; = Lat. consul, Plb.1.39.1.
2. governor of a dependency or province, e.g. in the Athenian Empire, IG1.62b19, etc.; of a Roman governor, OGI441.59; = praefectus, Plb.6.26.5.
3. generally, magistrate, official, Aeschin.3.29, etc.; opp. ἰδιώτης, SIG 672.16 (Delph.); ruler of a synagogue, Ev.Matt.9.18; president of a club, PLond.3.1178.6 (ii A. D.).
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hide References (12 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (12):
    • Aeschines, Against Ctesiphon, 29
    • Aeschylus, Persians, 73
    • Aeschylus, Seven Against Thebes, 674
    • Aristotle, Constitution of the Athenians, 3.3
    • Herodotus, Histories, 5.33
    • Herodotus, Histories, 6.106
    • New Testament, Matthew, 9.18
    • New Testament, John, 16.11
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 668
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.126
    • Polybius, Histories, 1.39.1
    • Polybius, Histories, 6.26.5
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