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ἀφίστημι :
A. causal in pres. and impf., in fut. ἀποστήσω, and aor. I ἀπέστησα, as also in aor. I Med. (v. infr.):—put away, remove, keep out of the way,τὸ ἀσθενέστατον τοῦ στρατεύματοςX.HG7.5.23; “ἄχοςA.Ch.416 (lyr.); of diseases, Dsc.2.96, Gal.13.846; “τὰ συγκείμενα . ἀπ᾽ ἀλλήλωνPl.Plt.282b; “. τῆς ἐλάας τὸν φλοιόνThphr.CP3.3.2; “. τινὰ λόγουhinder from . . , E.IT912; . τὰς τῶν πολεμίων ἐπιβουλάς frustrate them, Th.1.93; . τὸν ἄρχοντα depose him, X.HG7.1.45:—aor. Med., Ἀργείων δόρυ πυλῶν ἀπεστήσασθε remoued it from your own gates, :—in Hdt.9.23 ἀποστήσαντες, = ἀποστάντες, having retired.
2. cause to revolt, of allies, Id.8.19, Ar.Eq.238, Th.1.81; “τινὰ ἀπό τινοςHdt.1.76,154, etc.; “τινά τινοςAnd.3.22.
3. in geom. constructions, cut off, Procl.Hyp. 6.7.
II. weigh out, X.Smp.2.20; “ἀποστησάτωσαν τὰ χρυσίαIG7.303.19 (Oropus); pay,δραχμὰς ή ἀργυρίουUPZ93.2 (ii B.C.): also in aor. I Med., μὴ . . ἀποστήσωνται Ἀχαιοὶ χρεῖος lest they weigh out (i. e. pay in full) the debt, Il.13.745, cf. IG12.91.20, al.:—in strict sense of Med., ἀποστήσασθαι τὸν χαλκόν to have the brass weighed out to one, D.49.52.—Hom. has it trans. only in l.c.
III. Med., give a final decision (or break up, dismiss the assembly), ῥήτρα ap.Plu. Lyc.6.
B. intr., in Pass., as also in aor. 2 ἀπέστην, imper. “ἀπόστηθιAr. Th.627, “ἀπόσταMen.375: pf. ἀφέστηκα in pres. sense, sync. in pl. ἀφέστα^μεν, -στα^τε, -στᾶσι, as in inf. ἀφεστάναι, part. ἀφεστώς, -ῶσα, -ός or -ώς: plpf. ἀφεστήκειν, Att. “-κηPl.Tht.208e: fut. Med. “ἀποστήσομαιE.Hec.1054, Th.5.64, etc. (while aor. I Med. is causal (v. supr.)): for fut. ἀφεστήξω v. h. v.:—stand away or aloof from, keep far from,ὅσσον δὲ τροχοῦ ἵππος ἀφίσταταιIl.23.517; “οὐ μέν κ᾽ ἄλλη γ᾽ ὧδε γυνὴ . . ἀνδρὸς ἀφεσταίηOd.23.101; “ἀποστᾶσ᾽ ἐκποδώνE.Hel.1023; “ἐς ἄλλο σχῆμ᾽ . βίουId.Med.1039; “ἀποσταθῶμεν πράγματος τελουμένουA.Ch.872; ὡς γραφεὺς (or βραβεὺς)“ ἀποσταθείςE.Hec.807; “μακρὰν τόποις καὶ χρόνοις .D.S.13.22: hence in various relations, ἀφεστάναι φρενῶν lose one's wits, S.Ph.865; “φύσεοςAr.V.1457 (lyr.); οὐδενὸς ἀποστήσονται ὅσα ἂν δίκαια λέγητε depart from, object to right proposals, Th.4.118; “. φόνουE.Or.1544; . ἀρχῆς to be deposed from office, Pl.Lg.928d; simply, resign, SIG527.105 (Crete, iii B. C.); . τῶν πραγμάτων, τῆς πολιτείας, etc., withdraw from business, politics, have done with it, D.10.1, 18.308, etc.; ἔργων πόνων κινδύνων shun them, Isoc.4.83, cf.X.HG7.5.19, etc.; ὧν εἷλεν ἀποστάς giving up all claim to what he had won (at law), D.21.181; “τῶν αὑτῆςId.19.147, cf. 35.4; ἀφίστασθαι τῶν τοῦ ἀδελφοῦ ib.44; “οὐδενὸς τῶν ἀνηκόντων τῇ πόλειInscr.Magn.53.65; τὴν πολιτείαν . . τὴν ἀφεστηκυῖαν τοῦ μέσου πλεῖον further removed from . . , Arist.Pol. 1296b8; “ἀποστὰς τῶν πατρῴωνLuc.DMort.12.3; . ἐκ Σικελίας withdraw from the island, give up the expedition, Th.7.28; retire,ἐς ἸθώμηνId.1.101: rarely c.acc., avoid, shrink from,τὸν ἥλιονX.Cyn. 3.3; “τὸν πόλεμονId.An.2.5.7; “τινάςE.Fr.1006; “πυγμήνPhilostr. Gym.20 (prob. cj.).
3. . τινί make way for another, give way to him, E. Hec.1054, D.8.37.
4. c. gen., shrink from,τῶν κινδύνωνIsoc.9.29: also c. inf., shrink from doing, “ἀπέστην τοῦτ᾽ ἐρωτῆσαι σαφῶςE. Hel.536.
6. Medic., ἀφίσταται, = ἀπόστασις γίγνεται, εἰς ἄρθρα Hp.Aph.4.74; . ὀστέον exfoliates, ib. 6.45; also “. ἀπὸ τῶν ὀστῶνPl.Ti.84a; “τὸ δέρμα .X.Eq.1.5; also, project, stand out,ὦτα ἀφεστηκόταPLond.3.1209.12 (i B. C.).
b. to be separated by the formation of an abscess, Gal.11.116, al. (also in Act., “τὸ πύον ἀφίστησι7.715).
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