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ἀνά [α^να^], Aeol., Thess., Arc., Cypr. ὀν , Prep. governing gen., dat., and acc. By apocope ἀνά becomes ἄν before dentals, as ἂν τὸν ὀδελόν; ἄγ before gutturals, as ἂγ γύαλα; ἄμ before labials, as ἂμ βωμοῖσι, ἂμ πέτραις, etc.;
A.ἀμπεπλεγμέναςIG5(2).514.10 (Arc.).
A. WITH GEN., three times in Od., in phrase ἀνὰ νηὸς βαίνειν go on board ship, 2.416, 9.177, 15.284; ἂν τοῦ τοίχου, τᾶς ὁδοῦ, τοῦ ῥοειδίου, IG14.352i40, ii 15,83 (Halaesa).
B. WITH DAT., on, upon, without any notion of motion, Ep., Lyr., and Trag. (only lyr.), ἀνὰ σκήπτρῳ upon the sceptre, Il.1.15, Pi.P. 1.6; “ἂμ βωμοῖσιIl.8.441; “ἀνὰ σκολόπεσσι18.177; “ἀνὰ Γαργάρῳ ἄκρῳ15.152; ἀνὰ ὤμῳ upon the shoulder, Od.11.128; ἀν ἵπποις, i. e. in a chariot, Pi.O.1.41; “ἂμ πέτραιςA.Supp.351 (lyr.); “ἀνά τε ναυσὶν καὶ σὺν ὅπλοιςE.IA754; “ἂγ ΚόσσῳGDI1365 (Epirus).
C. WITH ACCUS., the comm. usage, implying motion upwards:
3. metaph., ἀνὰ θυμὸν φρονέειν, ἀνὰ στόμα ἔχειν, to have continually in the mind, in the mouth, Il.2.36,250; ἀν᾽ Αἰγυπτίους ἄνδρας among them, Od.14.286; ἀνὰ πρώτους εἶναι to be among the first, Hdt.9.86.
2. distributively, ἀνὰ πᾶσαν ἡμέραν day by day, Hdt.2.37,130, etc.; “ἀνὰ πᾶν ἔτος1.136, etc.; “ἀνὰ πάντα ἔτεα8.65: also ἀνὰ πρεσβύτα_τα in order of age, Test.Epict.4.28.
III. distributively with Numerals, “κρέα εἴκοσιν ἀν᾽ ἡμιωβολιαῖα20 pieces of meat at half an obol each, Ar.Ra.554; τῶν ἀν᾽ ὀκτὼ τὠβολοῦ that sell 8 for the obol, Timocl. 18; ἀνὰ πέντε παρασάγγας τῆς ἡμέρας [they marched] at the rate of 5 parasangs a day, X.An.4.6.4; ἔστησαν ἀνὰ ἑκατόν μάλιστα ὥσπερ χοροί they stood in bodies of about 100 men each. ib.5.4.12; κλισίας ἀνὰ πεντήκοντα companies at the rate of 50 in each, Ev.Luc.9.14; ἔλαβον ἀνὰ δηνάριον a denarius apiece, Ev. Matt.20.10; in doctor's prescriptions, “ἀνὰ ὀβολὼ β́Sor.1.63, etc.: also “ἀνὰ δύο ἥμισυ ζῳδίωνamounting to 2 1/2 signs, Autol.1.10; multiplied by, PPetr.3p.198.
IV. Phrases: ἀνὰ κράτος up to the full strength, i. e. vigorously, ἀνὰ κράτος φεύγειν, ἀπομάχεσθαι, X.Cyr.4.2.30, 5.3.12; ἀνὰ τὸν αὐτὸν λόγον and “ἀνὰ λόγονproportionately, Pl.Phd. 110d; esp. in math. sense, Id.Ti.37a, Arist.APo.85a38, etc.; ἀνὰ μέσον in the midst, Antiph.13, Men.531.19; “ἀνὰ μέροςby turns, Arist.Pol.1287n17.
D. WITH NOM. of Numerals, etc., distributively, Apoc.21.21, v. l. in Sor.1.11, 12, cf. Orib.Fr.50,54.
E. WITHOUT CASE as Adv., thereupon, Hom. and other Poets:— and with the notion of spreading all over a space, throughout, all over, μέλανες δ᾽ ἀνὰ βότρυες ἦσαν all over there were clusters, Il.18.562, cf. Od.24.343:—but ἀνά often looks like an Adv. in Hom., where really it is only parted from its Verb by tmesis, ἀνὰ δ᾽ ἔσχετο; ἀνὰ δ᾽ ὦρτο (for ἀνῶρτο δέ; ἀνὰ τεύχε᾽ ἀείρας (for τεύχεα ἀναείρας), etc.
1. as in C. 1, up to, upwards, up, opp. κατά, as ἀνα-βαίνω, -βλέπω, ἀν-αιρέω, -ίστημι: poet. sts. doubled, “ἀν᾽ ὀρσοθύρην ἀναβαίνεινOd.22.132.
2. hence flows the sense of increase or strengthening, as in ἀνακρίνω; though it cannot always be translated, as in Homer's ἀνείρομαι:—in this case opp. ὑπό.
3. from the notion throughout (E), comes that of repetition and improvement, as in ἀνα-βλαστάνω, -βιόω, -γεννάω.
4. the notion of back, backwards, in ἀναχωρέω, ἀνανεύω, etc., seems to come from such phrases as ἀνὰ ῥόον up, i. e. against, the stream.
G. ἄνα, written with anastr. as Adv., up! arise!ἀλλ᾽ ἄναIl.6.331, Od.18.13:—in this sense the ult. is never elided; cf. “ἀλλ᾽ ἄνα, εἰ μέμονάς γεIl.9.247; “ἀλλ᾽ ἄνα ἐξ ἑδράνωνS.Aj.194.
2. apocop. ἄν after ὤρνυτο, ὦρτο, and up stood . . arose, Il.3.268, 23.837, etc.
3. when used as Prep. ἀνά never suffers anastrophe.
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hide References (51 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (51):
    • Aeschylus, Suppliant Maidens, 550
    • Aeschylus, Suppliant Maidens, 351
    • Aristophanes, Frogs, 554
    • Aristophanes, Frogs, 8
    • Euripides, Iphigeneia in Aulis, 754
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.136
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.96
    • Herodotus, Histories, 2.151
    • Herodotus, Histories, 2.37
    • Herodotus, Histories, 5.27
    • Herodotus, Histories, 8.65
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.173
    • Herodotus, Histories, 2.135
    • Herodotus, Histories, 2.96
    • Herodotus, Histories, 7.223
    • Herodotus, Histories, 8.123
    • Herodotus, Histories, 9.86
    • Homer, Iliad, 1.15
    • Homer, Iliad, 13.547
    • Homer, Iliad, 18.177
    • Homer, Iliad, 2.36
    • Homer, Iliad, 8.441
    • Homer, Odyssey, 11.128
    • Homer, Odyssey, 18.13
    • Homer, Odyssey, 22.132
    • Homer, Odyssey, 8.173
    • Homer, Odyssey, 15.284
    • Homer, Odyssey, 24.343
    • Homer, Odyssey, 2.416
    • Homer, Odyssey, 9.177
    • Plato, Phaedo, 110d
    • Plato, Timaeus, 37a
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 194
    • Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, 1247
    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.22
    • Xenophon, Anabasis, 4.6.4
    • Xenophon, Anabasis, 5.4.12
    • Xenophon, Cyropaedia, 5.3.12
    • Xenophon, Cyropaedia, 4.2.30
    • Homer, Iliad, 14.80
    • Homer, Iliad, 15.152
    • Homer, Iliad, 18.562
    • Homer, Iliad, 1.570
    • Homer, Iliad, 23.837
    • Homer, Iliad, 3.268
    • Homer, Iliad, 6.331
    • Homer, Iliad, 9.247
    • Homer, Odyssey, 14.286
    • Homer, Odyssey, 22.176
    • Aristophanes, Acharnians, 796
    • New Testament, Revelation, 21.21
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