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ἀναγκ-αῖος , α, ον, in Att. also ος, ον Th.1.2, Pl.R.554a, etc.:
A.of, with, or by force:
I. Act., constraining, applying force, μῦθος . a word of force, Od.17.399; χρειὼ . urgent necessity, Il.8.57; ἦμαρ . day of constraint, i.e. life of slavery, 16.836; . τύχη a doom imposed by fate, or fateful chance, S.Aj.485, cf. 803 (but, fatal chance, Id.El.48); “πᾶν γὰρ . χρῆμ᾽ ἀνιηρὸν ἔφυThgn.472, cf. 297, E.Or.230; τῆς ἀρχῆς τῷ . παροξυνομένους by the compulsory nature of our rule, Th.5.99; “δεσμὸς .Theoc.24.33; ἐξ ἀναγκαίου under stress of circumstances, Th.7.60.
II. Pass., constrained, forced, twice in Od., πολεμισταὶ . soldiers perforce, Od.24.499; so δμῶες . ib.210 (where however Eust. expl. it χρειώδεις trusty, serviceable, v. infr. 6).
2. necessary (physically or morally), οὐκ . unnecessary (on its diff. senses in philosophy v. Arist.Metaph. 1015a20ff.), . [ἐστί] it is necessary to . . , S.Ph.1317, etc.; γίνεταί μοι ἀναγκαιότ ατον, c. inf., Hdt.3.65; . κακόν a necessary evil, Men.651, cf. Hybreasap.Str.14.2.24: also c. inf., “ἔνιαι τῶν ἀποκρίσεων ἀναγκαῖαι διὰ μακρῶν τοὺς λόγους ποιεῖσθαιPl.Grg. 449b; “ὁδὸν ἀναγκαιοτάτην εἶναι τρέπεσθαιSph.242b; [μαθήματα] ἀναγκαῖα προμεμαθηκέναι necessary for us to have learnt them before, Lg.643c.
3.τὰ .necessaries of life, Antipho 4.1.2, Pl.Lg.848a; “τὰ . τοῦ βίουIsoc.4.40; “. τροφήTh.1.2.
b.τὰ .things necessary to be done, X.Mem.1.1.6; τὰ ἐκ θεοῦ . the appointed order of things, HG 1.7.33; “θεῶν ἀναγκαῖον τόδεE.Hec.584 codd.: τὸ ., = ἀνάγκη, Arist. Ph.200a31.
4. indispensable, i. e. a bare minimum, freq. in Sup., τὸ ἀναγκαιότατον ὕψος the least height that was absolutely necessary, Th.1.90; ἀναγκαιοτάτη πόλις the least that could be called a city, Pl.R.369d; “ἐκ τεττάρων ἀναγκαιοτάτων συγκεῖσθαι πόλινArist.Pol. 1291a12; αὐτὰ τἀναγκαιότατ᾽ εἰπεῖν give a bare outline of the facts, D.18.126, cf. 168; . συγγένεια the most distant degree of kinship recognized by law, 44.26: less freq. in Posit., “οὐδὲ τἀναγκαῖα ἐξικέσθαιTh.1.70: hence, scanty, makeshift,παρασκευή6.37.
5. of persons, connected by necessary or natural ties, i. e. related by blood, Antipho 1.4, Pl.R.574b; “. δόμοιςE.Alc.533; “οἱ .kinsfolk, X.An.2.4.1; “. φίλοιE.Andr.671; “συγγενεῖς καὶ . ἄνθρωποιD.19.290; “τοὺς συγγενεῖς αὐτοῦ καὶ . φίλουςAct.Ap.10.24, cf. PFlor.2.142.2 (iii A. D.).
6. Astrol., efficacious, Vett.Val.63.1 (Comp.): . γραμμή line of fate, Cat.Cod.Astr.7.238.
7. costly,ὄξοςPOxy.1870 (v A. D.); “ἐσθήςSuid. s.v. βεστιάριον.
III. Adv. -ως of necessity, perforce, . ἔχει it must be so, Hdt.1.89, A.Ch.239, S.Tr.723, Pl. Phd.91e, etc.; “. ἔχει μοι ποιέειν ταῦταHdt.8.140.ά, al.; . φέρειν, opp. ἀνδρείως, Th.2.64; as best might be, Pl. Ti.69d.
2. γελοίως καὶ . λέγειν in a narrow sense (cf. 11.4, but prob. with play on 111.1), Id.R.527a; “πτωχῶς μέν, ἀλλ᾽ .Babr.55.2:—Sup. “ἀναγκαιότατα, λέγειςPl.Phlb.40c.
3. strictly,κελεύεινOGI669.41 (i A. D.).
IV. οἱ . τόποι privy parts, Vett.Val.113.9.
V. ἀναγκαῖον, τό, v. sub v.
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hide References (48 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (48):
    • Aeschylus, Libation Bearers, 239
    • Antiphon, Against the Stepmother for Poisoning, 4
    • Antiphon, Third Tetralogy, 1.2
    • Demosthenes, On the False Embassy, 290
    • Demosthenes, On the Crown, 126
    • Demosthenes, Against Leochares, 26
    • Euripides, Alcestis, 533
    • Euripides, Andromache, 671
    • Euripides, Hecuba, 584
    • Euripides, Orestes, 230
    • Herodotus, Histories, 3.65
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.89
    • Homer, Iliad, 8.57
    • Homer, Odyssey, 24.499
    • Isocrates, Panegyricus, 40
    • New Testament, Acts, 10.24
    • Plato, Laws, 643c
    • Plato, Laws, 848a
    • Plato, Republic, 527a
    • Plato, Republic, 554a
    • Plato, Republic, 369d
    • Plato, Republic, 574b
    • Plato, Phaedo, 91e
    • Plato, Sophist, 242b
    • Plato, Sophist, 265d
    • Plato, Philebus, 40c
    • Plato, Gorgias, 449b
    • Plato, Timaeus, 40e
    • Plato, Timaeus, 69d
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 485
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 803
    • Sophocles, Electra, 48
    • Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, 390
    • Sophocles, Philoctetes, 1317
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.2
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.70
    • Thucydides, Histories, 2.64
    • Thucydides, Histories, 4.60
    • Thucydides, Histories, 5.99
    • Thucydides, Histories, 7.60
    • Xenophon, Anabasis, 2.4.1
    • Xenophon, Memorabilia, 1.1.6
    • Homer, Iliad, 16.836
    • Homer, Odyssey, 17.399
    • Sophocles, Trachiniae, 723
    • Strabo, Geography, 14.2.24
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.90
    • Thucydides, Histories, 6.37
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