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ἀράσσω , Att. ἀρα^κό-ττω [α^ρ], Ion. and poet. impf.
A.ἀράσσεσκονPi.P.4.226: fut. ἀράξω συν-) Hom., Dor. “ἀραξῶTheoc.2.160: aor. ἤραξα ἀπ-) Hom., Ep. “ἄραξαHes.Sc.461:—Pass., aor. ἠράχθην, Ep. ἀράχθην συν-) Hom.: fut. Med. in pass. sense, “κατ-αράξεσθαιPlu.Caes.44:— smite, dash in pieces, (Hom. only in compds. ἀπαράσσω, συναράσσω); of any violent impact, with collat. notion of rattling, clanging, as of horses, “ὁπλαῖς . χθόναPi. l.c.; ἄρασσε (sc. πύλας) knock at the door, E.Hec.1044; “τὴν θύρανAr.Ec.978, cf. Theoc.2.6 (Pass., of the door, open with a crash, Luc.DMeretr.15.2); pound in a mortar, “ὅλμῳ .Nic. Th.508; ἀράσσειν στέρνα, κρᾶτα, beat the breasts, the head, in mourning, A.Pers.1054 (lyr.), E.Tr.279 (lyr.); ἄρασσε μᾶλλον strike harder, A.Pr.58; “ὄψεις ἀράξαςS.Ant.52; “ἤρασσε βλέφαραId.OT1276:—in Pass., “ὀμμάτων ἀραχθέντωνId.Ant.975 (lyr.); also . πέτροις τινά strike with a shower of stones, E.IT327:—Pass., “πέτροισιν ἠράσσοντοA. Pers.460:—a). κιθάρην strike the lyre, Orph.A.382; ὕμνον, μέλος, etc., Nonn.D.1.15,440, etc.
2. c. dat. modi, ἀράσσειν τινὰ ὀνείδεσι, κακοῖς, assail with reproaches or threats, S.Aj.725, Ph.374, cf. ἐξαράσσω.
II. Pass., to be dashed against,πρὸς τὰς πέτραςHdt.6.44; “πρὸς τὴν γῆνLuc.Anach.11; of things, dash one against the other, A.R.2.553, Ael.NA16.39.—The simple Verb is poetic, used once by Hdt. and in late Prose, v. supr. (Akin to ῥάσσω, Ion. ῥήσσω (q.v.), cf. προσαρασσόμενον: προσρησσόμενον, Hsch.).
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hide References (19 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (19):
    • Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound, 58
    • Aeschylus, Persians, 1054
    • Aeschylus, Persians, 460
    • Aristophanes, Ecclesiazusae, 978
    • Euripides, Hecuba, 1044
    • Euripides, Iphigeneia in Taurus, 327
    • Euripides, Trojan Women, 279
    • Herodotus, Histories, 6.44
    • Hesiod, Shield of Heracles, 461
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 725
    • Sophocles, Antigone, 52
    • Sophocles, Antigone, 975
    • Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus, 1276
    • Sophocles, Philoctetes, 374
    • Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica, 2.553
    • Plutarch, Caesar, 44
    • Lucian, Anacharsis, 11
    • Lucian, Dialogi meretricii, 15.2
    • Aelian, De Natura Animalium, 16.39
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