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ἀρχικός , ή, όν, (ἀρχή)
A.of or for rule, royal,πυθμήνA.Ch.260; “γένοςTh.2.80; official,δικαστήριονChor. in Rev.Phil.1.219: neut. pl. ἀρχικά as Subst., perh. presents demanded by officials on entering office, PTeb. 3.57A22.
2. of persons, fit for rule, command, or office, Pl.Prt. 352b, al., Isoc.2.24; having served as magistrates, CIG2774 (Aphrodisias): c. gen., “ἀνθρώπωνX.Mem.1.1.16; “νεώςPl.R.488d; “φύσει ἀρχικὸν πατὴρ υἱῶνArist.EN1161a18; “ἔστιν -κώτατα τῶν γενῶν Σκύθαι καὶ Θρᾷκες καὶ ΠέρσαιIsoc.4.67. Adv. “-κῶς, ἔχοντεςLib.Or.11.148; “ἱερατικῶς καὶ . φυλαττόμεναJust.Nov.58.
3. dominant, sovereign, ἀρχικωτάτη ἐπιστήμη the sovereign science, i.e. σοφία, Arist.Metaph.982b4; “τὴν . χώραν ἔχεινId.PA665b18; . ἀρετή, opp. ὑπηρετική, Id.Pol.1260a23:—Math., principal, . συμπτώματα, of the properties of a curve, Apollon.Perg.Con.1 Praef.; . διάμετροι principal diameters, ib.1.51.
II. belonging toἀρχαί11.6, Dam.Pr. 130,344.
III. primal, original,γένεσιςPhld.D.3.14; “-κώτατον αἴτιονS.E.M.9.5. Adv. -κῶς ib.1.46.
2. . σχῆμα ποιήσεως in which the poet commences with an invocation of the Muses, Zeus, etc., Anon.Fig.p.149S.
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hide References (7 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (7):
    • Aeschylus, Libation Bearers, 260
    • Isocrates, To Nicocles, 24
    • Isocrates, Panegyricus, 67
    • Plato, Republic, 488d
    • Plato, Protagoras, 352b
    • Xenophon, Memorabilia, 1.1.16
    • Thucydides, Histories, 2.80
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