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αἰδ-έομαι , and poet. αἴδομαι Hom., etc., Ep. imper.
A.αἰδεῖοIl.24.503, Od.9.269; part. “αἰδόμενοςHom. and Trag. (lyr.); imper. “αἴδεοIl.21.74: impf. “ᾐδοῦντοA.Pers. 810, etc., “αἰδέοντοPi.P.9.41, poet. “αἴδετοIl.21.468, APl.4.106: fut. “αἰδέσομαιIl.22.124, Att., Ep. “αἰδέσσομαιOd.14.388; “αἰδεσθήσομαιD.C.45.44, Gal.1.62, (ἐπ-) E.IA 900: aor. Med. ᾐδεσάμην, Ep. “αἰδ-Od.21.28, Att. (v. sub fin.), Ep. imper. “αἴδεσσαιIl.9.640; aor. Pass. “ᾐδέσθηνHom., etc., and in Prose, Ep.3pl. “αἴδεσθενIl.7.93: pf. ᾔδεσμαι (v. sub fin.): Act. only in καταἰδέω, q.v.:—to be ashamed, c. inf., “αἴδεσθεν μὲν ἀνήνασθαι δεῖσαν δ᾽ ὑποδέχθαιIl.7.93; “αἰδέομαι δὲ μίσγεσθ᾽ ἀθανάτοισι24.90; “αἰ. γὰρ γυμνοῦσθαιOd.6.221: less freq. c. part., “αἴδεσαι μὲν πατέρα προλείπωνS.Aj.506, cf. Plu.Aem.35: c. dat., “μὴ αἰδοῦ τῷ εὐκόλῳPhilostr.Ep. 19: abs., αἰδεσθείς from a sense of shame, Il.17.95.
2. mostly c. acc., stand in awe of, fear, esp. in moral sense, “αἰδεῖο θεούςIl.24.503, Od.9.269; “ΤρῶαςIl.6.442, cf. Od.2.65, etc.; ἀλλήλους αἰδεῖσθε show a sense of regard one for another, Il.5.530; “οὐδὲ θεῶν ὄπιν αἰδέσατοOd.21.28; αἴδεσσαι μέλαθρον respect the house, Il.9.640; freq. of respect for suppliants, Il.22.124, cf. Hdt.7.141; “ἐχθρὸν ὧδ᾽ αἰδεῖ νέκυν; S.Aj.1356; “τόνδ᾽ ὅρκον αἰδεσθείςId.OT647, cf. 1426:—in Pi. P.4.173 αἰδεσθέντες ἀλκάν regarding their reputation for valour, i.e. from self-respect, cf. “ἑωυτὸν μάλιστα αἰδεῖσθαιDemocr.264: abs., τὸ αἰδεῖσθαι self-respect, Id.179; in Prose,,“Δία αἰδεσθέντεςHdt.9.7. ά; φοβοῦμαί γε . . τοὺς μοχθηρούς οὐ γὰρ δήποτε εἴποιμ᾽ ἂν ὥς γε αἰδοῦμαι) Pl.Lg.886a, cf. Euthphr.12b,Phdr.254e; later “αἰ. ἐπί τινιD.H.6.92; ὑπὲρ τῆς ἀνθρωπίνης φύσεως have compassion upon, show mercy, Plu. Cim.2.
2. as Att. law-term, to be reconciled to a person, of kinsmen who allow a homicide to return from exile, Lex ap.D.43.57; “ἐὰν ἑλών τις ἀκουσίου φόνου . . αἰδέσηται καὶ ἀφῇD.37.59, cf.38.22; “αἰδούμενοςPl.Lg.877a; “ᾐδεσμένοςD.23.77.
3. of the homicide, obtain forgiveness, D.23.72 codd. αἰδ-έσιμος , ον, exciting shame or respect, venerable, M.Ant.1.9 (Sup.), Aristid.2.99J. (Sup.), Hierocl. in CA13p.448M. (Comp.): c. dat., Aristid.Or.37(2).6; as honorary title, PFlor.15.6 (vi A. D.); τοῦ προσώπου τὸ αἰ. Luc.Nigr.26; holy, Paus.3.5.6. Adv. -μως reverently, Ael.NA2.25.
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hide References (41 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (41):
    • Aeschylus, Persians, 810
    • Antiphon, First Tetralogy, 4.11
    • Demosthenes, Against Aristocrates, 72
    • Demosthenes, Against Aristocrates, 77
    • Demosthenes, Against Pantaenetus, 59
    • Demosthenes, Against Nausimachus and Xenopeithes, 22
    • Demosthenes, Against Macartatus, 57
    • Euripides, Iphigeneia in Aulis, 900
    • Herodotus, Histories, 7.141
    • Herodotus, Histories, 9.7
    • Homer, Iliad, 17.95
    • Homer, Iliad, 21.74
    • Homer, Iliad, 24.90
    • Homer, Iliad, 5.530
    • Homer, Iliad, 7.93
    • Homer, Iliad, 21.468
    • Homer, Iliad, 22.124
    • Homer, Odyssey, 3.96
    • Homer, Odyssey, 6.221
    • Homer, Odyssey, 9.269
    • Homer, Odyssey, 21.28
    • Homer, Odyssey, 2.65
    • Pausanias, Description of Greece, 3.5.6
    • Plato, Laws, 877a
    • Plato, Laws, 886a
    • Plato, Euthyphro, 12b
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 506
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 1356
    • Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus, 1426
    • Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus, 647
    • Homer, Iliad, 24.503
    • Homer, Iliad, 6.442
    • Homer, Iliad, 9.640
    • Homer, Odyssey, 14.388
    • Homer, Odyssey, 1.2
    • Plutarch, Aemilius Paullus, 35
    • Plutarch, Cimon, 2
    • Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Antiquitates Romanae, 6.92
    • Aelian, De Natura Animalium, 2.25
    • Cassius Dio, Historia Romana, 45.44
    • Marcus Aurelius, M. Antonius Imperator Ad Se Ipsum, 1.9
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