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αἰδώς , όος, contr. οῦς, η (late nom. pl. αἰδοί Sch.E.Hipp.386), as a moral feeling,
A.reverence, awe, respect for the feeling or opinion of others or for one's own conscience, and so shame, self-respect (in full “ἑαυτοῦ αἰδώς CA9p.433M.), sense of honour, “αἰδῶ θέσθ᾽ ἐνὶ θυμῷIl.15.561; ἴσχε γὰρ αἰ. καὶ δέος ib.657, cf. Sapph.28, Democr. 179, etc.; “αἰ. σωφροσύνης πλεῖστον μετέχει, αἰσχύνης δὲ εὐψυχίαTh. 1.84, cf. E.Supp.911, Arist.EN1108a32, etc.; “αἰδοῖ μειλιχίῃOd.8.172; so “ἀλλά με κωλύει αἴδωςAlc.55 (Sapphus est versus); “ἅμα κιθῶνι ἐκδυομένῳ συνεκδύεται καὶ τὴν αἰδῶ γυνήHdt.1.8; δακρύων πένθιμον αἰδῶ tears of grief and shame, A.Supp.579; “αἰ. τίς μ᾽ ἔχειPl. Sph.217d; “αἰ. καὶ δίκηId.Prt.322c; “αἰδοῦς ἐμπίπλασθαιX.Cyr.1.4.4; sobriety, moderation, Pi.O.13.115; “αἰδῶ λαβεῖνS.Aj.345.
2. regard for others, respect, reverence, “αἰδοῦς οὐδεμιῆς ἔτυχονThgn.1266, cf. E.Heracl.460; αἰ. τοκέων respect for them, Pi.P.4.218; τὴν ἐμὴν αἰδῶ respect for me, A.Pers.699; regard for friends, “αἰδοῦς ἀχαλκεύτοισιν ἔζευκται πέδαιςE.Fr.595; esp. regard for the helpless, compassion,αἰδοῦς κῦρσαιS.OC247; forgiveness, Antipho 1.26, Pl.Lg. 867e (cf. “αἰδέομαι11.2).
II. that which causes shame or respect, and so,
3. dignity, majestyαἰ. καὶ χάριςh.Cer.214.
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  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (25):
    • Aeschylus, Persians, 699
    • Aeschylus, Suppliant Maidens, 579
    • Antiphon, Against the Stepmother for Poisoning, 26
    • Euripides, Heraclidae, 460
    • Euripides, Hippolytus, 386
    • Euripides, Suppliants, 911
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.8
    • Homer, Iliad, 17.336
    • Homer, Iliad, 2.262
    • Homer, Iliad, 15.561
    • Homer, Iliad, 16.422
    • Homeric Hymns, Hymn 2 to Demeter, 214
    • Pausanias, Description of Greece, 1.17.1
    • Plato, Laws, 943e
    • Plato, Laws, 867e
    • Plato, Sophist, 217d
    • Plato, Protagoras, 322c
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 345
    • Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, 1268
    • Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, 247
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.84
    • Xenophon, Cyropaedia, 1.4.4
    • Homer, Iliad, 5.787
    • Homer, Odyssey, 8.172
    • Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Antiquitates Romanae, 7.72
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