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αἰτί-α , ,
A.responsibility, mostly in bad sense, guilt, blame, or the imputation thereof, i.e. accusation, first in Pi.O.1.35 and Hdt., v. infr. (Hom. uses αἴτιος):—Phrases: αἰτίαν ἔχειν bear responsibility for, “τινόςA.Eu.579, S.Ant.1312; but usu. to be accused, τινός of a crime, “φόνουHdt.5.70: c. inf., Ar.V.506; foll. by ὡς . . , Pl.Ap.38c; by ὡς c. part., Id.Phdr.249d; ὑπό τινος by some one, A.Eu.99, Pl. R.565b: reversely, “αἰτία ἔχει τινάHdt.5.70,71; “αἰ. φεύγειν τινόςS.Ph.1404; ἐν αἰτίᾳ εἶναι or γίγνεσθαι, Hp.Art.67, X.Mem.2.8.6; αἰτίαν ὑπέχειν lie under a charge, Pl.Ap.33b, X.Cyr.6.3.16; “ὑπομεῖναιAeschin.3.139; “φέρεσθαιTh.2.60; λαβεῖν ἀπό τινος ib.18; “αἰτίαις ἐνέχεσθαιPl.Cri.52a; “αἰτίαις περιπίπτεινLys.7.1; “εἰς αἰτίαν ἐμπίπτεινPl.Tht.150a; “αἰτίας τυγχάνεινD.Ep.2.2; “ἐκτὸς αἰτίας κυρεῖνA. Pr.332; ἐν αἰτίῃ ἔχειν hold one guilty, Hdt.5.106; “δι᾽ αἰτίας ἔχεινTh. 2.60, etc.; “ἐν αἰτίᾳ βάλλεινS.OT656; τὴν αἰτίαν ἐπιφέρειν τινί impute the fault to one, Hdt.1.26; “αἰτίαν νέμειν τινίS.Aj.28; “ἐπάγεινD.18.283; “προσβάλλειν τινίAntipho 3.2.4; ἀνατιθέναι, προστιθέναι, Hp.VM21, Ar.Pax640, etc.; ἀπολύειν τινὰ τῆς αἰτίης to acquit of guilt, Hdt.9.88, etc.
2. in forensic oratory, invective without proof (opp. ἔλεγχος), D.22.23, cf. 18.15.
II. cause, “δι᾽ ἣν αἰτίην ἐπολέμησανHdt.Prooem., cf. Democr.83, Pl.Ti.68e, Phd.97a sq., etc.; on the four causes of Arist. v. Ph.194b16, Metaph.983a26:—αἰ. τοῦ γενέσθαι or “γεγονέναιPl.Phd.97a; “τοῦ μεγίστου ἀγαθοῦ τῇ πόλει αἰτία κοινωνίαId.R.464b:—dat. αἰτίᾳ for the sake of, “κοινοῦ τινος ἀγαθοῦTh.4.87, cf. D.H.8.29:—αἴτιον (cf. “αἴτιος11.2) is used like αἰτία in the sense of cause, not in that of accusation.
IV. head, category under which a thing comes, D.23.75.
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  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (47):
    • Aeschines, Against Ctesiphon, 139
    • Aeschylus, Eumenides, 579
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    • Demosthenes, On the Crown, 15
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    • Lysias, On the Olive Stump, 1
    • Plato, Laws, 624a
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    • Plato, Phaedo, 97a
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    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.69
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    • Xenophon, Cyropaedia, 6.3.16
    • Xenophon, Memorabilia, 2.8.6
    • Demosthenes, Letters, 2.2
    • Sophocles, Philoctetes, 1404
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    • New Testament, Matthew, 10.10
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    • Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Antiquitates Romanae, 11.2
    • Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Antiquitates Romanae, 8.29
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