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βέλος , εος, τό,
A.missile, esp. arrow, dart, freq. in Hom.; of the piece of rock hurled by the Cyclops, “τόντονδε βαλὼν β.Od.9.495; of an ox's leg thrown by one of the suitors at Ulysses, 20.305; of a stool, 17.464; ὑπὲκ βελέων out of the reach of darts, out of shot, Il.4.465; “ἐκ βελέων11.163; “ἔξω βελῶνX.Cyr.3.3.69, etc.; “ἔξω βέλουςArr.An. 2.27.1, Luc.Hist.Conscr.4; opp. ἐντὸς βέλους, D.S.20.6, Arr.An. 1.2.5; εἴσω β. παρελθεῖν ib.1.6.8.
2. used of any weapon, as a sword, Ar.Ach.345, cf. S.Aj.658; an axe, E.El.1159; the sting of a scorpion, A.Fr.169; of the gad-fly, Id.Supp.556.
3. ἀγανὰ βέλεα of Apollo, Il.24.759, Od.3.280, and of Artemis, ib.5.124, denote sudden, easy death of men and women respectively; βέλος ὀξύ, of Ilithyia, pangs of childbirth, Il.11.269, cf. Theoc.27.29.
4. after Hom. of anything swift-darting, Διὸς βέλη the bolts of Zeus, lightnings, Pi.N.10.8, cf. Hdt.4.79, etc.; “Ζηνὸς ἄγρυπνον β.A.Pr.360; πύρπνουν β. ib.917; βέλεσι πυρπνόου ζάλης, of a storm, ib.373; “πάγων δύσομβρα β.S.Ant.358: metaph., ὀμμάτων β. glance of the eye, A.Ag. 742; φίλοικτον β. a piteous glance, ib. 241 (lyr.); ἱμέρου β. the shaft of love, Id.Pr.649; “θυμοῦ βέληS.OT893 (s.v.l.); of arguments, “πᾶν τετόξευται β.A.Eu.679, cf. Pl.Phlb.23b; β. τὰ ἀπὸ τοῦ στόματος, of invective, Lib.Or.51.8; of mental anguish or fear, “ἄτλατον β.Pi.N. 1.48 (v.l. δέος)“ φθόνος αὐτὸς ἑαυτὸν ἑοῖς βελέεσσι δαμάζειAP10.111.
5. engine of war, Ph.Bel.82.8: pl., artillery, ib.97.10. (Cf. βάλλω, Lith. gélti 'sting', gēla\ 'sharp pain', OHG.quelan 'feel sharp pain'. Root g[uglide]el- 'pierce', cf. δέλλιθες.)
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hide References (30 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (30):
    • Aeschylus, Agamemnon, 241
    • Aeschylus, Agamemnon, 742
    • Aeschylus, Eumenides, 679
    • Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound, 360
    • Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound, 373
    • Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound, 649
    • Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound, 917
    • Aeschylus, Suppliant Maidens, 556
    • Euripides, Electra, 1159
    • Herodotus, Histories, 4.79
    • Homer, Iliad, 4.465
    • Homer, Iliad, 11.269
    • Homer, Odyssey, 17.464
    • Homer, Odyssey, 5.124
    • Homer, Odyssey, 20.305
    • Homer, Odyssey, 9.495
    • Plato, Philebus, 23b
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 658
    • Sophocles, Antigone, 358
    • Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus, 893
    • Xenophon, Cyropaedia, 3.3.69
    • Homer, Iliad, 11.163
    • Homer, Iliad, 24.759
    • Homer, Odyssey, 3.280
    • Aristophanes, Acharnians, 345
    • Lucian, Quomodo historia conscribenda sit, 4
    • Arrian, Anabasis, 1.2.5
    • Arrian, Anabasis, 1.6.8
    • Arrian, Anabasis, 2.27.1
    • Diodorus, Historical Library, 20.6
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