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βι^άζω ,
A.constrain, Act. once in Hom., “ μάλα δή με βιάζετεOd.12.297; “ἐβίασε τὴν γυναῖκά μουAlc.Com.29: abs., εἰ πάνυ ἐβίαζον if they used force, Hp.Epid.2.24; cf. infr.1.2:—Pass., fut. “βιασθήσομαιPaus. 6.5.9: aor. ἐβιάσθην, pf. βεβίασμαι (v. infr.):—to be hard pressed or overpowered, “βελέεσσι βιάζεταιIl.11.589; βιάζετο γὰρ βελ. 15.727; “βιασθέντες λύᾳPi.N.9.14; “νόσῳAr.Fr.20 (= Trag.Adesp.70); to be forced or constrained to do, c. inf., Id.Th.890: c. acc. cogn., “βιάζομαι τάδεS.Ant.66, cf. 1073; “βιασθείςId.El.575; “ἐπεὶ ἐβιάσθηTh.4.44; “ὑπό τινοςId.1.2; opp. ἀδικεῖσθαι, ib.77; “βιασθεὶς ἄκων ἔπραξενD.6.16; “ἵνα συγχωρήσωσιν . . βιασθῶσινId.18.175; “βιαζόμενος ὑπό τινος ἐξήμαρτενAntipho 4.4.5; βεβιασμένοι forcibly made slaves, X.Hier.2.12; πόλεις βεβ. Id.HG5.2.23: “βιαζόμενος ὑπὸ τῆς παρούσης ἀπορίαςTh.7.67; τὸ βιασθέν those who are forced, Arist.Pol.1255a11; of things, τοὔνειδος ὀργῇ βιασθέν forced from one by anger, S.OT 524; τὸ βεβιασμένον forced to fit a hypothesis, Arist.Metaph.1082b2; βεβ. σχήματα forced figures of speech, D.H.Th.33, cf. Porph.Antr. 36.
2. Act., make good, suffice to discharge a debt, PFlor.56.13.
II. more freq. βιάζομαι, aor. Med. ἐβιασάμην, pf. “βεβίασμαιD.19.206, Men.Sam.63, D.C.46.45:—overpower by force, press hard, “ μάλα δή σε βιάζεται ὠκὺς ἈχιλλεύςIl.22.229, etc.; β. τοὺς πολεμίους dislodge them, X.An.1.4.5; β. νόμους to do them violence, Th. 8.53; βιασάμενος ταῦτα πάντα having broken through all these restraints, Lys.6.52; β. γυναῖκα force her, Ar.Pl.1092; opp. πείθειν, Lys.1.32; β. αὑτόν lay violent hands on oneself, Pl.Phd.61c, 61d; β. τινά, c. inf., force one to do, X.An.1.3.1; τί με βιάζεσθε λέγειν; Arist. Fr.44: with inf. omitted, β. τὰ σφάγια force the victims [to be favourable], Hdt.9.41; “β. ἄστραTheoc.22.9: c. dupl. acc., “αὐδῶ πόλιν σε μὴ β. τόδεA.Th.1047.
2. c. acc. rei, carry by force, βιάσασθαι τὸν ἔκπλουν force an exit, Th.7.72; “τὴν ἀπόβασινId.4.11: c. acc. neut., And.4.17, X.HG5.3.12.
3. abs., act with violence, use force, A.Pr. 1010, Ag.1509 (lyr.), S.Aj.1160, etc.; “πρὸς τὸ λαμπρὸν φθόνος βιάζεταιTrag.Adesp.547.12; opp. δικάζομαι, Th.1.77; β. διὰ φυλάκων force one's way, Id.7.83; β. ἐς τὸ ἔξω, β. εἴσω, ib.69, X.Cyr.3.3.69; “δρόμῳ β.Th.1.63: c. inf., “β. πρὸς τὸν λόφον ἐλθεῖνId.7.79; βιαζόμενοι βλάπτειν using every effort to hurt me, Lys.9.16; but βιαζόμενοιμὴ ἀποδιδόναι refusing with violence to repay, X.HG5.3.12: esp. in part., ἵνα βιασάμενοι ἐκπλεύσωσι may sail out by forcing their way, Th.7.67; “συνεξέρχονται βιασάμενοιX.An.7.8.11; ἐπὶ μᾶλλον ἔτι β. (of a famine) grow worse and worse, Hdt.1.94.
4. contend or argue vehemently, c. inf., Pl.Sph.246b; β. τὸ μὴ ὂν ὡς ἔστι κατά τι ib. 241d: abs., persist in assertion, D.21.205.
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hide References (49 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (49):
    • Aeschylus, Agamemnon, 1509
    • Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound, 1010
    • Aeschylus, Seven Against Thebes, 1047
    • Andocides, Against Alcibiades, 17
    • Antiphon, Third Tetralogy, 4.5
    • Aristophanes, Plutus, 1092
    • Demosthenes, Philippic 2, 16
    • Demosthenes, On the False Embassy, 206
    • Demosthenes, On the Crown, 175
    • Demosthenes, Against Midias, 205
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.94
    • Herodotus, Histories, 9.41
    • Homer, Iliad, 11.589
    • Homer, Iliad, 15.727
    • Homer, Iliad, 22.229
    • Homer, Odyssey, 12.297
    • Lysias, On the Murder of Eratosthenes, 32
    • Lysias, Against Andocides, 52
    • Lysias, For the Soldier, 16
    • Pausanias, Description of Greece, 6.5.9
    • Plato, Phaedo, 61c
    • Plato, Phaedo, 61d
    • Plato, Sophist, 241d
    • Plato, Sophist, 246b
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 1160
    • Sophocles, Antigone, 1073
    • Sophocles, Antigone, 66
    • Sophocles, Electra, 575
    • Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus, 524
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.2
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.77
    • Thucydides, Histories, 4.44
    • Thucydides, Histories, 7.79
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.63
    • Thucydides, Histories, 7.72
    • Xenophon, Anabasis, 1.4.5
    • Xenophon, Anabasis, 1.3.1
    • Xenophon, Anabasis, 7.8.11
    • Xenophon, Cyropaedia, 3.3.69
    • Xenophon, Hellenica, 5.2.23
    • Xenophon, Hellenica, 5.3.12
    • Xenophon, Hiero, 2.12
    • Thucydides, Histories, 7.83
    • Hippocrates, De morbis popularibus, 1.2
    • Thucydides, Histories, 4.11
    • Thucydides, Histories, 7.67
    • Thucydides, Histories, 8.53
    • Dionysius of Halicarnassus, De Thucydide, 33
    • Cassius Dio, Historia Romana, 46.45
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