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βλάπτω , fut.
A.-ψωE.Heracl.704, etc.: aor. ἔβλαψα, Ep.“βλάψεIl.23.774: aor. 2 “ἔβλα^βονQ.S.5.509: pf. “βέβλα^φαD.19.180, Plb.12.26.2, ἔβλαφα κατ-) IG7.303.51 (Oropus):—Pass., fut.“βλα^βήσομαιIsoc.1.25, Pl.Men.77e, Grg.475d, Hp.Mi.373a; “βεβλάψομαιHp.Acut.16: also fut. Med. βλάψομαι (in pass. signf.) Th.1.81, 6.64: aor. 1 “ἐβλά-φθηνIl.16.331, etc.: aor. 2 ἐβλάβην [α^], 3pl. ἔβλαβεν, βλάβεν, 23.461, 545, part. “βλα^βείςA.Ag.120 (lyr.) (aor. Med. βλάψαντο only in Q.S.5.466): pf. “βέβλαμμαιIl.16.660, etc.:—disable, hinder, “μή τιν᾽ ἑταίρων βλάπτοι ἐλαυνόντωνOd.13.22; “βλάψας δέ μοι ἵππουςIl.23.571; β. πόδας disable the feet for running, lame them, ib.782:—Pass., ζωὸν ἕλε βλαφθέντα κατὰ κλόνον entangled in the mêlée, 16.331; ὄζῳ ἔνι βλαφθέντε μυρικίνῳ [the horses] caught in a branch, 6.39; βλάβεν ἅρματα καὶ ταχε᾽ ἵππω chariots and horses were stopped, 23.545; Διόθεν βλαφθέντα βέλεμνα stopped, baffled by Zeus, 15.489, cf. 484; βεβλαμμένος ἦτορ stopped in his life (s. v.l.), 16.660.
II. of the mind, distract, pervert, mislead, of the gods, “τὸν δέ τις ἀθανάτων βλάψε φρέναςOd.14.178, cf. Trag.Adesp. 455: c. acc. pers., Il.22.15, Od.23.14; so of Ate, “φθάνει δέ τε πᾶσαν ἐπ᾽ αἶαν βλάπτουσ᾽ ἀνθρώπουςIl.9.507; also of wine, Od.21.294; βλαφθείς, Lat. mente captus, Il.9.512: so c. gen., “ τε [Περσεφόνη] . . βλάπτουσα νόοιοThgn.705; “νόου βεβλαμμένος ἐσθλοῦId.223.
III. after Hom., damage, hurt, οἷσι μὴ βλάψῃ θεός (sc. τὰ τέκνα) A.Eu. 661, etc.: with neut. Adj., “πλείω β. τινάTh.6.33; “μείζωPl.Ap.30c; “ἄλλο τιX.HG1.1.22, etc.:—Pass., “μεγάλα βεβλάφθαιId.Cyr.5.3.30; “βεβλαμμένος τὸν ὀφθαλμόνPStrassb.52.2 (ii A. D.), etc.: c. acc. cogn., β. τοὺς βίους μείζους βλάβας do greater mischiefs to . . , Posidipp.12.4: c. dupl. acc., β. τὴν πόλιν τοὺς ὑπολοίπους rob her of . . , App.BC2.131:—Pass., τοσούσδε βλαβῆναι τὴν πόλιν lose them, Id.Hann.28; τὸ βλαβέν, = βλάβη, Pl.Lg.933e.
2. c. acc. rei, β. λόγον mar the prophecy, Pi.P.9.94; τοὺς ὅρκους violate them, Arist.Fr.148. (βλαπ-< μλαπ- (mḷq[uglide]), cf. Skt. marcáyati 'injure', mṛktás 'wounded', Lat. mulco 'maltreat'.)
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hide References (33 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (33):
    • Aeschylus, Agamemnon, 120
    • Aeschylus, Eumenides, 661
    • Demosthenes, On the False Embassy, 180
    • Euripides, Heraclidae, 704
    • Homer, Iliad, 15.489
    • Homer, Iliad, 16.331
    • Homer, Iliad, 16.660
    • Homer, Iliad, 22.15
    • Homer, Iliad, 23.461
    • Homer, Iliad, 23.545
    • Homer, Iliad, 23.571
    • Homer, Iliad, 23.774
    • Homer, Iliad, 6.39
    • Homer, Iliad, 9.507
    • Homer, Iliad, 9.512
    • Homer, Odyssey, 13.22
    • Homer, Odyssey, 14.178
    • Homer, Odyssey, 1.195
    • Homer, Odyssey, 21.294
    • Homer, Odyssey, 23.14
    • Isocrates, To Demonicus, 25
    • Plato, Laws, 933e
    • Plato, Apology, 30c
    • Plato, Gorgias, 475d
    • Plato, Meno, 77e
    • Plato, Lesser Hippias, 373a
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.81
    • Thucydides, Histories, 6.33
    • Thucydides, Histories, 6.64
    • Xenophon, Cyropaedia, 5.3.30
    • Xenophon, Hellenica, 1.1.22
    • Polybius, Histories, 12.26.2
    • Hippocrates, De diaeta in morbis acutis, 16
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