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ξέν-ιος , α, ον, Ion. ξείνιος (as always in Hdt., and mostly in Hom., but ξένιος when the ult. is long, as in Od.14.158,389, 15.514, al.) :—
A.belonging to friendship and hospitality, hospitable, Ζεὺς ξ. as protector of the rights of hospitality, Ζεὺς ἐπιτιμήτωρ ἱκετάων τε ξείνων τε, ξείνιος, ὃς ξείνοισιν ἅμ᾽ αἰδοίοισιν ὀπηδεῖ (cf. ξένος II) Od.9.271 ; “Ζηνὸς . . ἐδείσατε μῆνιν ξεινίουIl.13.625, cf. A.Ag.61,362 (both anap.), al.; Ζεῦ ξένιε Cratin.III ; also “Ἀπόλλων ξ.CIG2214e (Chios) ; ξ. τράπεζα the guests' table, Od.14.158, 17.155, Pi.I.2.39, etc.; ξ. κοίτα his guest's adultery, Id.P.3.32 ; ξ. τινί bound to one by ties of hospitality, Hdt.5.63 codd.
2. ξείνια, Att. ξένια (cf. ξεινήϊον), τά, friendly gifts, given to the guest by his host, esp. meat and drink, “ξείνιά τ᾽ εὖ παρέθηκεν, τε ξείνοις θέμις ἐστίνIl.11.779, cf.18.387, Od.5.91, etc.; “εἴ μοι ξ. δοίη9.229, cf. 19.185 (less freq. in sg., “ἵνα τοι δῶ ξείνιον9.356, cf. 20.296, Pi.P.4.35, SIG662.32 (Delos, ii B. C.)); “ξένια . . παρέσχε δαῖταas a friendly gift, A.Ag.1590 ; “βοῦν ξένια ἔπεμψανX.HG7.2.3, cf. PCair.Zen.75.6 (iii B. C.) ; “ξ. δοῦναιE.Cyc.301 ; ξ. λήψῃ ib.342 ; “δέξασθαιLys.18.12 ; ἐπὶ ξείνια καλέειν to invite one to meat, Hdt. 2.107, 5.18, cf. IG12.19.14,108, X.HG6.4.20, Vect.3.4, D.7.20, etc. (ἐπὶ ξενίαν and ἐπὶ ξενίᾳ freq. as f.l., X.Vect.l.c., D.l.c., D.S.8.25, 13.83, D.H.1.40, Philostr.VA3.33, etc.) ; “ἐπὶ ξείνια παραλαβεῖν τιναHdt.4.154 ; ξ. προθεῖναι, προθέσθαι, Id.7.29,135 ; “ἐπαγγείλασθαι καταγωγὴν καὶ ξ.Id.6.35 ; “ξενίοις δέχεσθαί τιναX.An.5.5.24 : freq. of presents sent by peaceful inhabitants to an army, ib.5.5.2, 14,25, al.; of provisions supplied to a king or official on a visit, Theopomp.Hist.22(d), PPetr.2p.25 (iii B. C.), PGrenf.2.14(b).9 (iii B. C.), etc.; also of tribute, LXX 2 Ki.8.2, OGI132.11 (Egypt, ii B. C.); of honoraria to artists, SIG689.10 (Delph., ii B. C.) : metaph., “θάνατος ξένιά σοι γενήσεταιE.Hel.480.
II. foreign, ἐπὶ ξενίας (sc. γῆς) Antipho 2.2.9, Pl.Cra.429e, cf. Ath.Mitt.25.427 ; “ἐν ξενίῃEpigr.Gr. 1041.8.
2. ξ. κόσμος, in Crete, magistrate who tried suits with aliens, GDI4981.4,al.
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hide References (37 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (37):
    • Antiphon, First Tetralogy, 2.9
    • Demosthenes, On the Halonnesus, 20
    • Diodorus, Historical Library, 13.83
    • Euripides, Cyclops, 301
    • Euripides, Cyclops, 342
    • Euripides, Helen, 480
    • Herodotus, Histories, 4.154
    • Herodotus, Histories, 2.107
    • Herodotus, Histories, 5.18
    • Herodotus, Histories, 5.63
    • Herodotus, Histories, 6.35
    • Herodotus, Histories, 7.29
    • Homer, Iliad, 11.779
    • Homer, Iliad, 13.625
    • Homer, Iliad, 18.387
    • Homer, Odyssey, 14.158
    • Homer, Odyssey, 15.514
    • Homer, Odyssey, 17.155
    • Homer, Odyssey, 9.229
    • Homer, Odyssey, 9.271
    • Homer, Odyssey, 19.185
    • Homer, Odyssey, 20.296
    • Homer, Odyssey, 9.356
    • Lysias, On the Confiscation of the Property of the Brother of Nicias, 12
    • Plato, Cratylus, 429e
    • Xenophon, Anabasis, 5.5.2
    • Xenophon, Anabasis, 5.5.24
    • Xenophon, Hellenica, 6.4.20
    • Xenophon, Hellenica, 7.2.3
    • Xenophon, Ways and Means, 3.4
    • Homer, Odyssey, 5.91
    • Aeschylus, Agamemnon, 1590
    • Aeschylus, Agamemnon, 362
    • Aeschylus, Agamemnon, 61
    • Old Testament, 2 Samuel, 8.2
    • Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Antiquitates Romanae, 1.40
    • Philostratus the Athenian, Life of Apollonius of Tyana, 3.33
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