previous next
δεύτερος , α, ον,
A.second, (perh. from δύο with Comp. termination):
I. next in Order (with a notion of Time), in Il. (not in Od.) of one who comes in second in a race, 23.265; “δ. ἐλθεῖν22.207; “δ. αὖτ᾽ . . προΐει . . ἔγχοςnext, 20.273, etc.; οὔ μ᾽ ἔτι δ. ὧδε ἵξετ᾽ ἄχος no second grief, i.e. none hereafter like this, 23.46; as Comp., c. gen., ἐμεῖο δεύτεροι after my time, ib.248; σοὶ δ᾽ οὐκέτι δ. ἔσται no second choice will be allowed thee, Hes.Op.34; in Att. and Trag. with Art., “ δ.S.OC1315, etc.; αἱ δ. πως φροντίδες σοφώτεραι second thoughts are wisest, E.Hipp.436: prov., δ. πλοῦς the next best way, Pl.Phd.99d, etc.; “ δ. πλοῦς ἐστι δήπου λεγόμενος, ἂν ἀποτύχῃ τις οὐρίου, κώπαισι πλεῖνMen.241.
2. of Time, next, later, δ. χρόνῳ in after time, Pi.O.1.43; δ. ἡμέρῃ on the next day, Hdt.1.82; δ. ἔτεϊ τούτων in the year after this, Id.6.46: neut. as Adv., δεύτερον αὖ, αὖτε, αὖτις, a second time, Il.3.332, 191, Od.9.354; “ἐν τᾷ δ. ἐκκλησίᾳSIG644.20: with the Art., “τὸ δ.Sapph.Supp.4.11, Hdt.1.79, A.Ag.1082, X.Cyr.2.2.1: also pl., Hdt.3.53, 9.3; τὰ δ. κινδυνεύσοντας about to run the next dangers, Th.6.78; later, ἐκ δευτέρου for the second time, Ev.Marc.14.72, Dsc.5.87.10; “ἐκ δευτέρηςBabr. 114.5, cf. PStrassb.100.22 (ii B. C.): regul. Adv. “δευτέρωςPl.Lg. 955e, Sallust.18, etc.
b. δ. the younger, BGU592.10 (ii A. D.).
II. in Order or Rank (without any notion of Time), second,δ.μετ᾽ ἐκεῖνονHdt.1.31, cf. S.Ph.1442, etc.; “πολὺ δ.Id.OC1228 (lyr.); πολὺ δ. μετά τι very much behind, Th.2.97; “μετὰ τὸ πλουτεῖν δ.Antiph.144.9: c. gen., δ. οὐδενός second to none, Hdt.1.23, Plb.31.27.16; “δ. παιδὸς σῆςE.Tr.618; “πάντα τἄλλα δεύτερ᾽ ἦν τῶν προσδοκιῶνD.19.24; “πρὸς τὰ χρήματα θνητοῖσι τἄλλα δεύτερ᾽S.Fr.354.5; “τὰ ἄλλα πάντα δ. τε καὶ ὕστερα λεκτέονPl.Phlb.59c; logically or metaphysically posterior,πᾶν πλῆθος δ. ἐστι τοῦ ἑνόςProcl.Inst.5, cf. 36, Dam.Pr.126, al.; δεύτερ᾽ ἡγεῖσθαι think quite secondary, S.OC 351; δεύτερον ἄγειν, δεύτερα ποιεῖσθαι, Luc.Symp.9, Plu.2.162e; “ἐν δευτέρῳ τίθεσθαιId.Fab.24, cf. Jul.Or.8.242b; ἱερὸν δ. of the second class, OGI56.59 (iii B. C.), etc.
2. the second of two, δ. αὐτή herself with another, Hdt.4.113, cf. AB89; ἑπτὰ δ. σοφοί a second seven sages, Euphro 1.12; εἷς καὶ δ. unus et alter, Hdn.Gr.2.934; “εἷς δ.Jul.Or.6.190d; “ἕν τι . . δεύτερονD.Chr.33.7; δ. καὶ τρίτος two or three, Plb.26.1.1.; neut. as Adv., ἅπαξ καὶ δεύτερον once or twice, Jul. ad Ath.278c.
3. δ. ἀριθμός number whose prime factors are odd, Nicom.Ar.1.12.
III. as Subst., τὰ δ., = δευτερεῖα, the second prize or place, Il.23.538; “τὰ δ. φέρεσθαιHdt.8.104.
2. after-birth, Dsc.1.48,50.
3. δευτέρα σαββάτου (sc. ἡμέρα) second day of the week, LXXPs.47(48) tit.
hide Dictionary Entry Lookup
Use this tool to search for dictionary entries in all lexica.
Search for in
How to enter text in Greek:
hide References (37 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (37):
    • Aeschylus, Agamemnon, 1082
    • Demosthenes, On the False Embassy, 24
    • Euripides, Hippolytus, 436
    • Euripides, Trojan Women, 618
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.23
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.31
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.79
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.82
    • Herodotus, Histories, 3.53
    • Herodotus, Histories, 4.113
    • Herodotus, Histories, 6.46
    • Herodotus, Histories, 8.104
    • Herodotus, Histories, 9.3
    • Hesiod, Works and Days, 34
    • Homer, Iliad, 23.538
    • Homer, Iliad, 3.332
    • Homer, Odyssey, 20.273
    • Homer, Odyssey, 22.207
    • Homer, Odyssey, 23.46
    • Homer, Odyssey, 23.265
    • Homer, Odyssey, 9.354
    • Plato, Laws, 955e
    • Plato, Phaedo, 99d
    • Plato, Philebus, 59c
    • Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, 1315
    • Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, 351
    • Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, 1228
    • Sophocles, Philoctetes, 1442
    • Xenophon, Cyropaedia, 2.2.1
    • Sophocles, Ichneutae, 354.5
    • Polybius, Histories, 26.1.1
    • Polybius, Histories, 31.27.16
    • Thucydides, Histories, 2.97
    • Thucydides, Histories, 6.78
    • Plutarch, Fabius Maximus, 24
    • Lucian, Symposium, 9
    • Dio Chrysostom, Orationes, 33.7
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: