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διά-λυ^σις , εως, , (διαλύω)
A.separating, parting,δ. τῆς ψυχῆς καὶ τοῦ σώματοςPl.Grg.524b; δ. τοῦ σώματος its dissolution, Id.Phd.88b, cf. Democr.297; τὴν τῶν γεφυρῶν οὐ δ. the failure to break the bridges, Th.1.137; disbanding of troops, X.Cyr.6.1.3; breaking up of an assembly, opp. συλλογή, Pl.Lg.758d; δ. ἀγορῆς the time of its breaking up, Hdt.3.104; τὴν δ. ἐποιήσαντο broke off the action, Th.1.51; χρεῶν δ. liquidation of debts, Pl.Lg.684d, cf. POxy.104.20 (i A. D.), etc.; “δ. γάμουdivorce, Plu.Sull.35, etc.; “ φθορὰ δ. οὐσίαςArist.Top.153b31: hence abs., dissolution, opp. σύνθεσις, Id.Cael.304b29, cf. Thphr. Ign.37; “διάκρισις καὶ δ.Pl.Phlb.32a; opp. γένεσις, Phld.D.3.6; resolution into elements, e.g. of words into letters, D.H.Comp.14; dissolution of friendship, Arist.EN1164a9, 1 165b36; of partnerships, “κοινωνίαι καὶ -σειςPl.Lg.632b; “συμμαχία καὶ δ.Arist.Pol.1298a5.
2. ending, cessation,κακῶνE.Ph.435; “πολέμουTh.4.19, v.l. in Isoc.6.51: abs., cessation of hostilities, Com.Adesp.21.23 D.; settlement, compromise, IG12(2).6.20 (Mytilene, iv B.C.), PAmh.2.63.9 (iii A.D.), etc.: in pl., settlement of a dispute, “ἠξίου δὲ καὶ πρὸς ἔμ᾽ αὑτῷ . . γίγνεσθαι τὰς διαλύσειςD.21.119, cf. Phoenicid.1.
3. solution of a problem, A.D.Synt.243.11; “χρησμῶνLuc.Alex.49.
4. refutation of an argument, S.E.P.2.238.
5. resolution of a diphthong: ἐν διαλύσει, = διαλελυμένως, A.D.Pron.29.13.
6. Rhet., asyndeton, Alex.Fig.2.12, etc.
7. discharge,χορηγιῶνPRyl. 181.10 (iii A.D.); “τῶν χρεωστουμένωνPOxy.71.13 (iv A.D.).
8. deed of separation or divorce, PLips.39.10 (iv A.D.); “ἔγγραφος δ.PMasp.153.16 (vi A.D.).
9. division of inheritance, Sammelb. 6000.22 (vi A.D.), etc.
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hide References (17 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (17):
    • Demosthenes, Against Midias, 119
    • Euripides, Phoenician Women, 435
    • Herodotus, Histories, 3.104
    • Isocrates, Archidamus, 51
    • Plato, Laws, 758d
    • Plato, Laws, 632b
    • Plato, Laws, 684d
    • Plato, Phaedo, 88b
    • Plato, Philebus, 32a
    • Plato, Gorgias, 524b
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.137
    • Xenophon, Cyropaedia, 6.1.3
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.51
    • Thucydides, Histories, 4.19
    • Plutarch, Sulla, 35
    • Lucian, Alexander, 49
    • Dionysius of Halicarnassus, De Compositione Verborum, 14
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