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διαιρ-έω ,
A.take apart, cleave in twain, divide,διὰ δ᾽ ἀμφοτέρους ἕλε κύκλους ἀσπίδοςIl. 20.280; “παῖδα κατὰ μέλεα διελώνHdt.1.119; δ. λαγόν cut it open, ib.123; δ. πυλίδα break it open, Th.4.110, 6.51; “δ. τὴν ὀροφήνtear away, pull down, Id.4.48; “τοὺς σταυρούςX.An.5.2.21; δ. τοῦ τείχους take down part of the wall, make a breach in it, Th.2.75; τὸ διῃρημένον the breach, ib.76,5.3; διῃρημένοι τὸ ὑπόζωμα, of insects, Arist. HA556a18; “διαιρουμένος τὴν καρδίανPhld.Sign.1.
II. divide, δύο μοίρας Λυδῶν the Lydians into two parts, Hdt.1.94, cf. 4.148; “δύο μερίδαςD.48.12; “δ. τριχῇ ψυχήνPl.Phdr.253c; “δ. εἰς τὸ ἐλάχιστονArist.Sens.440b5; “εἰς ὁμοιομερῆId.HA486a5 (Pass.):—Med., divide for themselves, κατ᾽ ὀλίγας ναῦς διελόμενοι distributing their ships in small divisions, Th.4.11; τοῖς δικάζουσι δ. τὰ ὦτα lending an ear to both parties, Lib.Or.52.4; divide among themselves,τιμάςHes.Th.112; “τὴν ληΐηνHdt.9.85; “κατὰ πόλεις τὸ ἔργονTh.7.19; “τἀδικήματαD.45.38: abs., “δ. κατὰ πόλειςTh.5.114:—Pass., διῃρημένοι κατ᾽ ἀναπαύλας divided into relays, Id.2.75; διαιρήσομαι as fut. Pass., Pl.Plt.261c; “διῄρητο τὰ τῶν Ἑλλήνων εἰς δύοD.10.51.
2. break up, opp. συντιθέναι, Pl.Phd.78c, etc.
3. dispense,φάρμακονPlu.2.73b.
3. define expressly, Hdt.7.16.γ́ and 103:—Med., c. acc. et inf., Id.7.47.
4. Med., interpret, τέρας, δημεῖον, D.H.4.60, 9.6.
IV. in Logic, divide,δ. κατ᾽ εἴδη τὰ ὄνταPl.Phdr.273e; divide a genus into its species, Arist.APo. 96b15, al.:—Med., Id.PA642b5.
V. Math., divide, Pl.Lg.895e (Pass.); διελόντι, dividendo, Archim.Sph.Cyl.1.6, al.
VI. divide words, punctuate in reading, Isoc.12.17, Arist.Rh.1401a24 (Pass.); Gramm., resolve a diphthong or contracted form, “διῃρῆσθαι ἸακῶςA.D.Pron.38.17, cf. Corn.ND5, Hdn.Philet.p.456P.(Pass.).
VII. allocate revenues, OGI573.24 (Cilicia).
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hide References (43 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (43):
    • Aeschylus, Eumenides, 472
    • Aeschylus, Eumenides, 488
    • Aeschylus, Eumenides, 630
    • Aristophanes, Frogs, 1100
    • Demosthenes, Philippic 4, 51
    • Demosthenes, Against Stephanus 1, 38
    • Demosthenes, Against Olympiodorus, 12
    • Euripides, Bacchae, 206
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.119
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.94
    • Herodotus, Histories, 4.148
    • Herodotus, Histories, 4.23
    • Herodotus, Histories, 7.16
    • Herodotus, Histories, 7.47
    • Herodotus, Histories, 9.85
    • Hesiod, Theogony, 112
    • Homer, Iliad, 20.280
    • Isocrates, Panathenaicus, 17
    • Plato, Laws, 895e
    • Plato, Laws, 946b
    • Plato, Laws, 950c
    • Plato, Republic, 571a
    • Plato, Phaedo, 78c
    • Plato, Theaetetus, 182c
    • Plato, Statesman, 261c
    • Plato, Phaedrus, 253c
    • Plato, Phaedrus, 273e
    • Plato, Charmides, 163d
    • Plato, Protagoras, 314b
    • Thucydides, Histories, 4.11
    • Thucydides, Histories, 4.110
    • Thucydides, Histories, 4.48
    • Thucydides, Histories, 5.114
    • Thucydides, Histories, 6.51
    • Thucydides, Histories, 7.19
    • Xenophon, Anabasis, 5.2.21
    • Xenophon, Ways and Means, 3.3
    • Xenophon, Economics, 7.26
    • Aristophanes, Clouds, 742
    • Thucydides, Histories, 2.75
    • Thucydides, Histories, 5.3
    • Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Antiquitates Romanae, 4.60
    • Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Antiquitates Romanae, 9.6
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