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δύω (v. infr.), δυ?νω:
A. causal Tenses, cause to sink, sink, plunge in; pres. only in Thphr.HP5.4.8 οὐκ ἐν ἴσῳ βάθει πάντα δύοντες τῆς θαλάσσης: aor. 1 ἔδυ_σα ἐξ-) Od.14.341; cf. the compds. ἀπο-, ἐκ-, ἐν-, κατα-δύω.
B. non-causal, get or go into, c. acc.: pres. δύω (v. 1.4); more freq. “δύνωIl.17.202, Hes.Op.616, S.Ph.1331, etc.; Ep. impf. “δῦνονIl.11.268: aor. “ἔδυ_ναBatr.245, part. “δύναςPlb.9.15.9, Paus.2.11.7, Ael.VH4.1, but “ἔδυ_σαEv.Marc.1.32, etc.: more freq. Med. “δύομαιIl. 5.140, E.Rh.529 (lyr.), etc. (also in Att. Inscrr., as IG22.1241): impf. “ἐδυόμηνPl.Plt.269a; Ep. “δύοντοIl.15.345: fut. δύσομαι [υ_] 7.298, E. El.1271: aor. “ἐδυ_σάμηνA.R.4.865, (ἀπό) Nic.Al.302; Ep. 3pl. “δύσαντοIl.23.739, opt. δυσαίατο prob. in 18.376 (Prose and Com. in Compds.); Hom. mostly uses the Ep. forms ἐδύσεο, ἐδύσετο, imper. “δύσεο19.36, Hes.Sc.108, part. δυσόμενος (in pres.sense) Od.1.24, Hes. Op.384: more freq. aor. ἔδυν (as if from Δῦμι) Il.11.63, etc.; 3dual ἐδύτην [υ_] 10.254; 1pl. “ἔδυ_μενS.Fr.367; “ἔδυ_τεOd.24.106; ἔδυ_σαν, Ep. “ἔδυνIl.11.263; Ion. 3sg. “δύσκεν8.271; imper. δῦθι, δῦτε, 16.64, 18.140; subj. δύω [υ_] 6.340, 22.99, but δύῃ [υ^] Hes.Op.728; Ep. opt. δύη [υ_] (for δυίη) Od.18.348; inf. “δῦναιIl.10.221, Att., Ep. δύμεναι [υ_] 14.63, “ἐκ-δῦμεν16.99; part. δύς, δῦσα, Hdt.8.8: pf. “δέδυ_καIl.5.811, Sapph.52, Pl.Phd.116e; Dor. inf. δεδυκεῖν [υ_] Theoc.1.102:—Pass., fut. and aor. δυ^θήσομαι, ἐδύθην [υ^], and a pf. δέδυ^μαι only in compds., v. ἀπο-, ἐκ-, ἐν-δύω. [υ^ in δύω in pres. and impf. Act. and Med., Hom.; but A.R. has δυ_ομαι, δυ_ετο1.581, part. δυ_όμενος ib.925, Call. Epigr.22; “δυ?εταιNonn.D.7.286; “ἐκ-δέδυ^καςAP5.72 (Rufin.).]
I. of Places or Countries, enter, make one's way into, in Hom. the most freq. use, εἰ . . κε πύλας καὶ τείχεα δύω (aor. 2) Il.22.99; “πόλιν δύσεσθαιOd.7.18; ἔδυ νέφεα plunged into the clouds, of a star, Il.11.63; δῦτε θαλάσσης εὐρέα κόλπον plunge into the lap of Ocean, 18.140; γαῖαν ἐδύτην went beneath the earth, i.e. died, 6.19, cf. 411, etc.; πόλεμον δύμεναι plunge into . . , 14.63; “θεῖον δύσονται ἀγῶνα7.298; “ἐδύσετο οὐλαμὸν ἀνδρῶν20.379; δύσεο δὲ μνηστῆρας go in to them, Od. 17.276; rarely in Trag., “αἰθέρα δ.S.Aj.1192 (lyr.), cf. E.El.1271.
3. abs., εἴσω ἔδυ ξίφος the sword entered his body, Il.16.340; δύνει ἀλοιφή sinks in (where however βοείην may be supplied), 17.392:—Med., “δύου πάλινAr.V.148.
II. of clothes and armour, get into, “Ἀρήϊα τεύχεα δ.Il.6.340, etc.; κυνέην δ. put on one's helmet, 5.845; “δῦ δὲ χιτῶν᾽18.416: metaph., εἰ μὴ σύ γε δύσεαι ἀλκήν if thou wilt not put on strength, 9.231; so “ἀνάγκας ἔδυ λέπαδνονA.Ag.218 (lyr.): hence,
III. of sufferings, passions, and the like , enter, come over or upon, “κάματος . . γυῖα δέδυκενIl.5.811; “ὄφρ᾽ ἔτι μᾶλλον δύη ἄχος κραδίηνOd.18.348; “ἦτορ δῦν᾽ ἄχοςIl.19.367; “ὀδύναι δῦνον μένος11.272; κρατερὴ δέ λύσσα δέδυκε madness is come over him, 9.239; δῦ μιν Ἄρης Ares, i.e. the spirit of war, filled him, 17.210; “μιν ἔδυ χόλος19.16.
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