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ἔφεδρ-ος , ον, (ἕδρα)
A.sitting or seated upon, c. gen., λεόντων ἔφεδρε, of Cybele, S.Ph.401 (lyr.); “ἵππουE.Ion202 (lyr.); “γῆς . στρατόςId.Rh.954.
2. ἔφεδρον, τό, firm seat, bench, Hp.Fract.8.
II. sitting by, at, or near, τῶν πηδαλίων, of a helmsman, Pl.Plt. 273e: also c.dat., “σκηναῖςE.Tr.139 (anap.):abs., ξύνεστιν ἔφεδρος lies close at hand, S.Aj.610 (lyr.).
2. posted in support or reserve, ἐφέδρους ἱππότας . . ἱππόταις ἔταξε posted horsemen to support horsemen, E.Ph.1095, cf. Plb.8.31.6, Onos.21.6, al.
3. lying by and watching, waiting on, τῶν καιρῶν, τοῖς καιροῖς, Plb.3.12.6, Fr.160, cf. Call.Del. 125; . βίου waiting upon his life, i.e.for his death, Men.663; χαλεπώτατοι ., of debtors in a city, Aen.Tact.14.1.
4. the third competitor in contests, who sits by to fight the conqueror, Pi.N.4.96, E.Rh.119, Ar. Ra.792, cf. Luc.Herm.41 sq.; “πρὸς βασιλέα τὸν μέγιστον ἔφεδρον ἀγωνιζόμεθαX.An.2.5.10; “καθάπερ . ἀθλητῇPlu.Sull.29; “Κράσσος, ὃς . ἦν ἀμφοῖνId.Caes.28; “. τοῦ ἀγῶνοςId.Pomp.53; μόνος ὢν ἔφεδρος δισσοῖς, i.e. one against two, with no one to take his place if beaten, A.Ch.866 (anap.).
5. generally, one who waits to take another's place, a successor, “. βασιλεύςHdt.5.41; “. τινόςLuc.Gall.9.
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hide References (21 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (21):
    • Aeschylus, Libation Bearers, 866
    • Aristophanes, Frogs, 792
    • Euripides, Ion, 202
    • Euripides, Phoenician Women, 1095
    • Euripides, Rhesus, 119
    • Euripides, Rhesus, 954
    • Euripides, Trojan Women, 139
    • Herodotus, Histories, 5.41
    • Plato, Statesman, 273e
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 610
    • Sophocles, Philoctetes, 401
    • Xenophon, Anabasis, 2.5.10
    • Polybius, Histories, 3.12.6
    • Polybius, Histories, 8.31.6
    • Plutarch, Caesar, 28
    • Hippocrates, De fracturis, 8
    • Plutarch, Pompey, 53
    • Plutarch, Sulla, 29
    • Lucian, Gallus, 9
    • Lucian, Hermotimus, 41
    • Onasander, Strategicus, 21.6
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