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ἐφέλκ-ω , Ion. ἐπ- , fut.
A.ἐφέλξωE.HF632: aor. 1 inf. -ελκύσαι Thphr.Char.30.10:—Med., fut. -ελκύσομαι A.D.Synt.50.21: aor. 1 part. -ελκυσάμενος Thphr.CP5.1.10: (Hom. only in Med. and Pass., v. infr. 11, 111):—drag or trail after one, . τὰς [οὐράς], of long-tailed sheep, Hdt.3.113; ἵππον ἐκ τοῦ βραχίονος . to lead a horse by a rein upon the arm, Id.5.12; ναῦς ὣς ἐφέλξω will take in tow, E. l.c., cf. Th.4.26; . ξύλον, of a log tied to the leg, Polyzel.3; τὰ ὀπίσθια σκέλη ἐφέλκουσιν ἐπὶ τὰ ἐμπρόσθια drag forward, in the disease of horses called εἰλεός, Arist.HA604b1; τὰς ὁπλὰς καὶ τὰ ἰσχία . draw them up, ib.18, cf. Hippiatr.121.
2. bring on, bring in its train (v. infr. 111.4), “πολλὰς ἐφέλκων ξυμφοράςE.Med.552, cf. Ion1149, HF 776 (lyr.); “ἄλλην αἴσθησιν μετὰ τοῦ λογις μοῦPl.Phd.65e:—Med., AP10.37 (Luc.).
3. draw or drink off, E.Cyc.151.
4. . πλείους ἡμέρας delay for several days, Thphr. Char. l. c.:—Pass., τὰ ἐφελκόμενα arrears of payment, PPetr.3p.151 (iii B. C.), cf. PSI4.350.4 (iii B.C.), UPZ50.33 (ii B.C.); ἐφέλκεται τῷ Φιλίππῳ he is in arrears of tax-payments to P. (the tax-collector), PPetr.2p.108 (iii B.C.).
II. Pass., ἐφελκομένοισι πόδεσσιν with feet trailing after him, of one who is dragged lifeless away, Il.23.696; “τὸ δ᾽ ἐφέλκετο μείλινον ἔγχος13.597; λίθος ὄπισθε ἐπελκόμενος dragging behind (the boat), Hdt. 2.96; of camels, Id.3.105; also οἱ ἐπελκόμενοι the stragglers of an army, Id.4.203; -ομένη προθυμία lagging, tardy, Plb.9.40.2.
2. to be attracted, “ῥείθροισινh.Hom.19.9; μηδὲ . . τούτῳ ἐφέλκεσθαι be not led away by this argument, Th.1.42.
III. Med. like Act., drag after one, χωλαίνει καὶ ἐφέλκεται (sc. τὸν πόδα) Pl.Lg.795b, cf. Antip.Stoic.3.256; “τἆλλαPl.R.544e.
2. draw to oneself, attract, αὐτὸς γὰρ ἐφέλκεται ἄνδρα σίδηρος the very sight of iron (i.e. arms) draws men on, i.e. tempts them to use them, Od. 16.294, 19.13; “ὕδωρ ἐπ᾽ ἑωυτὸν ἥλιος .Hdt.4.50; “. τινὰ πρός τιPlb.9.1.3; of flowers, “ἠϊθέας -όμεναι χροιῇσιNic.Fr.74.65; “κάλλεϊ . . πάντας .APl.4.288 (Leont.).
5. claim for oneself, assume, “ἀλλότριον κάλλοςPl.Grg.465b; “Μοῦσαν ὀθνείηνAP9.434 (Theoc., = p.xvi W.).
6. drag behind one as inferior, i.e. surpass, “τινὰ κάρτεϊA.R.1.1162.
7. Gramm., attract to the close of a word, “τὸ νῦ δἰ εὐφωνίανDemetr.Eloc.175, cf. Eust.52.19.
8. . ἄσθμα draw a deep breath, Philostr.Im.2.22.
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hide References (34 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (34):
    • Euripides, Cyclops, 151
    • Euripides, Heracles, 632
    • Euripides, Heracles, 776
    • Euripides, Ion, 1149
    • Euripides, Medea, 552
    • Euripides, Medea, 462
    • Herodotus, Histories, 2.96
    • Herodotus, Histories, 3.105
    • Herodotus, Histories, 3.113
    • Herodotus, Histories, 4.203
    • Herodotus, Histories, 5.12
    • Herodotus, Histories, 4.50
    • Homer, Odyssey, 16.294
    • Homer, Odyssey, 19.13
    • Homeric Hymns, Hymn 19 to Pan, 9
    • Homeric Hymns, Hymn 1 to Dionysus, 111
    • Homeric Hymns, Hymn 1 to Dionysus, 11
    • Lysias, On the Murder of Eratosthenes, 13
    • Plato, Laws, 795b
    • Plato, Republic, 544e
    • Plato, Phaedo, 65e
    • Plato, Gorgias, 465b
    • Thucydides, Histories, 4.26
    • Xenophon, Cyropaedia, 8.4.32
    • Homer, Iliad, 13.597
    • Homer, Iliad, 23.696
    • Theophrastus, Characters, 30.10
    • Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica, 1.1162
    • Polybius, Histories, 9.1.3
    • Polybius, Histories, 9.40.2
    • Plutarch, Caesar, 66
    • Isocrates, Ad Antipatrum, 6
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.42
    • Plutarch, Pompey, 79
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