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ἐφορμ-άω , Ion. ἐπ- ,
A.stir up, rouse against one, “οἵ μοι ἐφώρμησαν πόλεμονIl.3.165; “ὅς μοι ἐφορμήσας ἀνέμουςOd.7.272; ἐπορμῆσαι τοὺς λύκους set them on, Hdt.9.93; “ καὶ Ζεὺς ἐφορμήσῃ κακάS.Fr.680; “σῦνAnt.Lib.2.2: c. dupl.acc., ναύτας ἐφορμήσαντα . . τὸ πλεῖν having urged them on to sail, S.Aj. 1143: c. acc. et inf., Orph.L.26.
II. intr., rush upon, attack, τινι E.Hipp.1275 (lyr.), Plu.Pomp.19, etc.; “ἐπί τιναD.C.36.24: abs., Plb.8.6.1: c. inf., desire, Opp.H.2.94, Orph.L.34; f.l. for ἀφορμ- in X.HG1.6.21.—This use is more freq. in Pass. (v. infr.).
III. Pass. and Med., to be stirred up: c. inf., to be eager or desire to do, “θυμὸς ἐφορμᾶται πολεμίζειν ἠδὲ μάχεσθαιIl.13.74, cf. Od. 1.275, 21.399, etc.: abs., rush furiously on, “ἔγχει ἐφορμᾶσθαιIl.17.465: mostly in aor. part. Pass., “ἐφορμηθείς6.410, etc.; “ἄκοντι ἐφορμαθείςPi.N.10.69; “ἐφορμηθέντες ἐξ ἑνὸς ῥόθουA.Pers.462: without hostile sense, spring forward, “τρὶς μὲν ἐφωρμήθηνOd.11.206, cf. Hes.Op.459: c. acc., rush upon, make a dash at, “ὥς τ᾽ ὀρνίθων . . αἰετὸς αἴθων ἔθνος ἐφορμᾶταιIl.15.691, cf. 20.461; so “ἐφορμής εσθαι ἀέθλουςHes.Sc.127: rarely (if ever) found in Prose, Th.6.49.
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hide References (22 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (22):
    • Aeschylus, Persians, 462
    • Euripides, Hippolytus, 1275
    • Herodotus, Histories, 9.93
    • Hesiod, Shield of Heracles, 127
    • Hesiod, Works and Days, 459
    • Homer, Iliad, 15.691
    • Homer, Iliad, 17.465
    • Homer, Iliad, 20.461
    • Homer, Iliad, 13.74
    • Homer, Iliad, 3.165
    • Homer, Iliad, 6.410
    • Homer, Odyssey, 11.206
    • Homer, Odyssey, 1.275
    • Homer, Odyssey, 21.399
    • Homer, Odyssey, 7.272
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 1143
    • Thucydides, Histories, 6.49
    • Xenophon, Hellenica, 1.6.21
    • Sophocles, Ichneutae, 680
    • Polybius, Histories, 8.6.1
    • Plutarch, Pompey, 19
    • Cassius Dio, Historia Romana, 36.24
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