A.olive-tree, Hom., esp. in Od., 11.590, al.; ἱερὴ ἐ. 13.372, cf. Pi.O.3.13, Hdt.8.55, S.OC701 (lyr.), etc.; “ἡμέρη ἐλαίη” Hdt.5.82 (opp. ἀγρία ἐ. or κότινος） φέρεσθαι ἐκτὸς τῶν ἐλαῶν to run beyond the olives, which stood at the end of the Athenian racecourse, i.e. to go too far, Ar.Ra.995, ubi v. Sch.; of the Indian Olea cuspidata, Thphr.HP4.4.11.
II. olive, Ar.Ach.550, Pl.R.372c, D.18.262, Dsc. 1.119, etc.—Acc. to Gramm. ἐλάα was the proper form in this sense, ἐλαία in the first; but ἐλάα is simply the Att. form, cf. IG12.94.33, 2.476.21, 1055.36 (also PHal.1.98 (iii B.C.), etc.).
III. naevus on the skin, Melamp.p.508F.
IV. = δίφρου Κυρηναϊκοῦ μέρος, Hsch. [In ἐλάα, the penult. is long, E.Fr.360.46, Ar.Ach.550, Pax 578, Av.617, etc.; but ἐλα^ῶν in Alex.261.3 (where perh. ἐλῶν—ἐλᾶς is acknowledged by Ael.Dion.Fr.162, and found in PRyl.97.7 (ii A.D.), ἐλᾶν in 130.11 (i A.D.)—should be restored), and α^ in ἐλάη, AP4.2.12 (Phil.), 6.102 (Id.).]