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ἐπιβολ-ή , ,
A.throwing or laying on, “ἱματίωνTh.2.49 (pl.); χειρῶν σιδηρῶν, of grappling-irons, Id.7.62 (pl.); “τῶν χρωμάτωνLuc.Zeux.5; σημείων affixing of seals, Id.Tim. 13; χειρῶν ἐπιβολαὶ ἐγίνοντο a fray arose, D.H.10.33.
b.. χειρῶν ἐπιβολή massage, Gal.6.92; without χειρῶν, σκληρὰ . ib.101, cf. 176.
2.. metaph., . τῆς διανοίας application of the mind to a thing, Epicur.Ep.1pp.5,12 U.(pl.), Ph.1.230 (pl.), Plot.2.4.10; αἱ . “τῶν νοημάτωνPhilostr.VS2.18; ἐξ ἐπιβολῆς πάνυ very scrupulously, Antyll. ap. Orib.45.25.5.
b.. act of direct apprehension, Epicur.Ep.1p.3U.: pl., ib.p.4U.; “ ἐκ τῶν . ταραχήPhld.D.1.14; “ἐπί τιEpicur. Fr.255, cf.Plot.1.6.2; intuition, [τῇ ψυχῇ] τὴν ἐπιβολὴν ἀθρόαν ἀθρόωνγίνεσθαιId.4.4.1; [“γνῶσις] ἐφάψεται τοῦ ἑνὸς κατὰ ἐπιβολήνDam.Pr. 25 bis; opp.συλλογισμός, ibid.
c.. conception, notion, Iamb.Comm. Math.1, cf.9, Dam.Pr.258 (pl.); point of view, ib.201, 396, al.; doctrine, τοῦ Συριανοῦ θαυμασία . ib.270: pl., principles, Ael.Tact.21.1.
d.. impulse, Stoic.3.41, 149; . φιλοποιίας ib.96.
3.. setting upon a thing, design, attempt, enterprise, v.l. in Th.3.45: c. gen., . τῆς ἱστορίας writing history, Plb.1.4.2; τῶν ὅλων acquisition of empire, Id.1.3.6, cf.5.95.1; κατασκευασμάτων ἐπιβολαί designs, Plu.Per.12; ἐξ ἐπιβολῆς designedly, D.S.13.27.
b.. of surgical operations, οὐδεμία ὄνησις τῆς . Philum.Ven.4.7; μὴ κατακολουθεῖν ἀδυνάτοις ἐπιβολαῖς Hegetor ap.Apollon.Cit.3.
4.. hostile attempt, assault, Plb.6.25.7 (pl.), cj. for -βουλάς in Th.1.93.
5.. application of name to thing, Cra.p.109 P., al.
II.. that which is laid on, ἐπιβολαὶ πλίνθων courses of bricks, Th.3.20; βυρσῶν layers of hide, Luc.Nav.4; superstructure, gallery, Ph.Bel.80.36 (pl.); λεπιδοειδεῖς ἐπιβολαί the squamous commissures of the skull, Gal.10.452.
2.. penalty, fine, IG12.84.29 (pl.), Ar.V.769; “ἐπιβολὴν ἐπιβάλλεινLys.20.14 (pl.), X. HG1.7.2, etc.; “ἐπιβολὰς ὀφλεῖνAnd.1.73; . τῆς βουλῆς the penalty imposed by the council, Aeschin.2.93; ἐξ ἐπιβολῆς in consequence of infliction of a fine, Lys.6.21.
3.. requisition, number of men required, Plb.3.106.3; impost, public burden, Plu.Cat.Ma.18 (pl.), cf. Procop.Arc.23; “τῆς λαογραφίαςPTeb.391.19 (i A.D.); requisition of corn, PFay.81.9 (ii A.D.).
b.. additional quantity, IG22.1672.285,297.
c.. κατ᾽ ἐπιβολήν τινος in proportion to . . , pro rata, CPR 28.17 (ii A.D.), etc.
III.. a thing put over for shelter or protection, Thphr.CP3.16.4.
2.. “. χώματοςembankment, PPetr.3p.80 (iii B.C.).
3.. cloak, POxy.298.9 (i A.D.), etc.
IV.. Rhet., = ἐπαναφορά, Phoeb.Fig.2.4, Rut.Lup.1.7.
2.. introduction, approach to a subject, Hermog.Id.1.3; . τοῦ ῥυθμοῦ ib.2.1.
3.. power, `grasp', of style or treatment, χάρις καὶ . D.Chr.18.14; general survey, consideration, Ptol.Tetr.204; Ἀλεξάνδρου τὴν ἐν ταῖς παρατάξεσιν . Ael. Tact.Praef.6.
V.. in Alchemy, `projection', i.e. chemical reaction intended to produce transmutation, Syn.Alch.p.58B. (pl.).
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hide References (26 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (26):
    • Aeschines, On the Embassy, 93
    • Andocides, On the Mysteries, 73
    • Aristophanes, Wasps, 769
    • Diodorus, Historical Library, 13.27
    • Lysias, For Polystratus, 14
    • Lysias, Against Andocides, 21
    • Thucydides, Histories, 2.49
    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.45
    • Thucydides, Histories, 7.62
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.93
    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.20
    • Xenophon, Hellenica, 1.7.2
    • Polybius, Histories, 1.3.6
    • Polybius, Histories, 1.4.2
    • Polybius, Histories, 3.106.3
    • Polybius, Histories, 5.95.1
    • Polybius, Histories, 6.25.7
    • Plutarch, Pericles, 12
    • Plutarch, Marcus Cato, 18
    • Lucian, Timon, 13
    • Lucian, Zeuxis, 5
    • Lucian, Navigium, 4
    • Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Antiquitates Romanae, 10.33
    • Philostratus the Athenian, Lives of the Sophists, 2.18
    • Claudius Ptolemy, Tetrabiblos, 204
    • Procopius, Historia Arcana (Anecdota), 23
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