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φθέγγομαι , Od.10.228, etc.: fut.
A.φθέγξομαιIl.21.341: aor. ἐφθεγξάμην, Ep. and poet. “φθεγξάμην18.218, Pi.O.6.14: pf. ἔφθεγμαι, 2sg. “ἔφθεγξαιPl.Lg.830c, 3sg. ἔφθεγκται (trans.) Arist.APo.77a2, (Pass.) Id.Cael.279a23: —utter a sound or voice, esp. speak loud and clear, freq. in Hom., “φθεγξάμενος παρὰ νηόςIl.11.603, cf. 10.67, al., Pl. R.336b (properly of all animals that have lungs, Arist.HA535a30):
I. of the human voice, “ἀνθρωπηΐῃ φωνῇ φ.Hdt.2.57; “ἀπὸ γλώσσαςPi. l.c.; “διὰ τοῦ στόματοςPl.Sph.238b; [“ψυχῆς] φθεγξαμένης ἀΐωνXenoph.7.5; “φθεγξαμένου τευ αὐδήσαντοςOd.9.497; with a part. expressing the kind of cry, “φθέγξομ᾽ ἐγὼν ἰάχουσαIl. 21.341; “τοὶ δ᾽ ἐφθέγγοντο καλεῦντεςOd.10.229, cf. 12.249; so “σφοδρῷ τῷ πνεύματι φ.Archyt.1; “φ. μετὰ βοῆςPl.Lg.791e, etc.; “μέγιστον ἁπάντωνD.19.206; καλὸν καὶ μέγα ib.216, cf. 337; “ἐλεύθερον καὶ μέγαPl.Grg.485e; also of weak, small voice, “φθεγξάμενος ὀλίγῃ ὀπίOd.14.492; “τυτθὸν φθεγξαμένηIl.24.170; of the battle-cry, X.An. 1.8.18; of the recitative of the chorus, Id.Oec.8.3; “οὐκέτι πόρρω διθυράμβων φ.Pl.Phdr.238d; οὐδ᾽ ἂν φθέγξασθαι δυνηθείη would not be able to utter a syllable, Isoc.15.192, cf. Pl.R.368c; opp. silence, X.Mem.4.2.6; εἶτα σὺ φθέγγει . . ; open your mouth . . ? D.18.283; of children just born, Arist.HA587a27:—Constr.:—c. acc. cogn., utter,ἔποςHdt.5.106; “ἀγέλασταHeraclit.92; “ὀδυρμοὺς καὶ γόους ἀνωφελεῖςA.Pr.34; “καίριαS.Ph.862 (lyr.); ἀράς, λόγους, βλασφημίαν, E.Ph.475, Med.1307, Ion 1189; “ῥῆμα μοχθηρόνSIG1175.19 (Piraeus, Tab. Defix., iv/iii B. C.); “τἀληθῆPl.Phlb.49b; “ὑπέρογκα ματαιότητος φ.2 Ep.Pet.2.18: the pers. addressed added with a Prep., “φ. εἰς ἡμᾶςE.Ph.l.c.; “πρός τιναPl.Ion534d; later τισί, Plu.Crass.27; “φ. τι περί τινοςIsoc.10.13; τὸ φθεγγόμενον, abs., that which uttered the sound, Hdt.8.65.
2. of animals, as a horse, neigh, whinny, Id.3.84,85; of an eagle, scream, X.An.6.1.23; of a raven, croak, Thphr.Sign.16; of a fawn, cry, Theoc.13.62; of birds, opp. ἄφωνοί εἰσι, Arist.HA618a5; ἐν τῷ θέρει ᾁδει [κόττυφος], τοῦ χειμῶνος . . φ. θορυβῶδες ib.632b17; of worms, “φ. οἷον τριγμόνThphr. CP5.10.5; of certain fish, Arist.Fr.300, Opp.H.1.135.
3. of inanimate things, of a door, creak, Ar.Pl.1099; of thunder, X.Cyr. 7.1.3; of trumpets, Id.An.4.2.7, 5.2.14; of the flute, Id.Smp.6.3, Thgn.532; of the lyre, “φόρμιγξ φ. ἱρὸν μέλοςId.761, cf. Arist. Metaph.1019b15; of an earthen pot, εἴτε ὑγιὲς εἴτε σαθρὸν φ. whether it rings sound or cracked, Pl.Tht.179d; φ. παλάμῃσι to clap with the hands, Nonn.D.5.106, cf. AP9.505.17 (dub.).
III. c. acc. pers., sing, or celebrate one aloud, Pi.O.1.36; also, tell of, recount,θεῶν ἔργαXenoph.12.1.
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hide References (51 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (51):
    • Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound, 34
    • Aristophanes, Plutus, 1099
    • Demosthenes, On the Crown, 283
    • Demosthenes, On the False Embassy, 206
    • Euripides, Ion, 1189
    • Euripides, Medea, 1307
    • Euripides, Phoenician Women, 475
    • Herodotus, Histories, 3.84
    • Herodotus, Histories, 8.65
    • Herodotus, Histories, 2.57
    • Herodotus, Histories, 5.106
    • Homer, Iliad, 10.67
    • Homer, Iliad, 18.218
    • Homer, Iliad, 24.170
    • Homer, Odyssey, 14.492
    • Homer, Odyssey, 9.497
    • Homer, Odyssey, 10.228
    • Homer, Odyssey, 10.229
    • Isocrates, Helen, 13
    • Isocrates, Antidosis, 192
    • New Testament, 2 Peter, 2.18
    • Plato, Laws, 791e
    • Plato, Laws, 830c
    • Plato, Republic, 368c
    • Plato, Republic, 336b
    • Plato, Republic, 527a
    • Plato, Cratylus, 394c
    • Plato, Sophist, 240a
    • Plato, Sophist, 238b
    • Plato, Sophist, 262d
    • Plato, Theaetetus, 157b
    • Plato, Theaetetus, 179d
    • Plato, Philebus, 49b
    • Plato, Phaedrus, 238d
    • Plato, Philebus, 25c
    • Plato, Philebus, 34a
    • Plato, Gorgias, 485e
    • Plato, Ion, 534d
    • Sophocles, Philoctetes, 862
    • Xenophon, Anabasis, 1.8.18
    • Xenophon, Anabasis, 4.2.7
    • Xenophon, Anabasis, 5.2.14
    • Xenophon, Anabasis, 6.1.23
    • Xenophon, Cyropaedia, 7.1.3
    • Xenophon, Memorabilia, 4.2.6
    • Xenophon, Economics, 8.3
    • Xenophon, Symposium, 6.3
    • Homer, Iliad, 11.603
    • Homer, Iliad, 21.341
    • Homer, Odyssey, 12.249
    • Plutarch, Crassus, 27
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