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φθόνος , ,
A.ill-will or malice, esp. envy or jealousy of the good fortune of others (Pl.Def.416b, Arist.Rh.1387b22), Pi.O.8.55, etc.; “φθόνῳthrough envy, Hdt.3.30, 9.71; opp. εὔνοια, Pl.Lg.635b; opp. ἔπαινος, Lys.24.1; ἴσχει ὄλβος φθόνον incurs envy, Pi.P.11.29, cf. Isoc.5.68; “φθόνον πρὸς ἀστῶν ἀλφάνουσιE.Med.297; “φθόνῳ χρῆσθαι πρὸς τὰ παιδικάPl.Phdr.253b; κρέσσων οἰκτιρμοῦ φθόνος better to be envied than pitied ! Pi.P.1.85, cf. And.2.6; “πρὸς γὰρ τὸν ἔχονθ᾽ φ. ἕρπειS.Aj.157 (anap.), cf. OT382; “ἐς τἀπίσημα δ᾽ φ. πηδᾶν φιλεῖE.Fr.294; φ. συνεστιώμενος, of wealth, Secund.Sent.9; “φ. [ἐστὶ] τοῖς ζῶσι πρὸς τὸ ἀντίπαλονTh.2.45; “κατὰ φθόνονA.Eu.686, Pl.Grg. 457d; “σὺν φθόνῳE.Andr.780 (lyr.); “διὰ φθόνονEp.Phil.1.15: c. gen. objecti, envy for, jealousy of,τῶν πεπραγμένωνLys.2.48; φθόνον δὲ σωμάτων ἕξει θεός i.e. will grudge, deny, A.Pr.859: c. gen. subj., envy or jealousy felt by another, Pl.Hp.Ma.282a; also “φ. ἐφ᾽ ἑτέροιςPlu.2.39e, etc.; “εἴς τιναAP6.257 (Antiphil.); “πρός τιναLuc.Rh.Pr.22: pl., envyings, jealousies, heartburnings, Isoc. 15.163, Pl.Lg.679c, 801e, etc.
b. a cause for indignation, a reproach,ἀποκτείνειν φθόνος [ἐστὶ] γυναῖκαςE.Hec.288.
II. refusal from feelings of ill-will or envy, grudging, φθόνος μὲν οὐδεὶς . . A.Pr.628; οὐδεὶς φ. or φ. οὐδείς, c. inf., said in granting a request willingly, “ τυγχάνω ἀκηκοώς, φ. οὐδεὶς λέγεινPl.Phd.61d; “οὐδεὶς . . φ. αὐτῷ διελθεῖν αὐτάId.Sph.217a, cf. b. Lg.641d, 664a.
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  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (33):
    • Aeschylus, Eumenides, 686
    • Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound, 859
    • Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound, 628
    • Aeschylus, Persians, 362
    • Andocides, On his Return, 6
    • Demosthenes, On the Crown, 305
    • Euripides, Alcestis, 1135
    • Euripides, Andromache, 780
    • Euripides, Hecuba, 288
    • Euripides, Medea, 297
    • Herodotus, Histories, 3.30
    • Herodotus, Histories, 9.71
    • Isocrates, Antidosis, 163
    • Isocrates, To Philip, 68
    • Lysias, On the Refusal of a Pension, 1
    • Lysias, Funeral Oration, 48
    • Plato, Laws, 641d
    • Plato, Laws, 801e
    • Plato, Laws, 635b
    • Plato, Laws, 664a
    • Plato, Laws, 679c
    • Plato, Phaedo, 61d
    • Plato, Sophist, 217a
    • Plato, Phaedrus, 253b
    • Plato, Gorgias, 457d
    • Plato, Greater Hippias, 282a
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 157
    • Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus, 382
    • Sophocles, Philoctetes, 776
    • Thucydides, Histories, 2.45
    • Aeschylus, Agamemnon, 947
    • New Testament, Philippians, 1.15
    • Lucian, Rhetorum praeceptor, 22
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