previous next
φρίσσω , Att. φρίττω Pl.R.387c: fut.
A.φρίξωGal.13.365: aor. “ἔφριξαIl.13.339, etc.: pf. “πέφρι_κα11.383, etc.; poet. part. “πεφρίκοντεςPi.P.4.183: plpf. “ἐπεφρίκειPlu.2.781e, Alciphr.1.1:—Med., aor. 1 ἐφριξάμην f.l. in Polyaen.4.6.7. [ι_ by nature, hence to be accented φρῖσσον in Hes.Sc.171, “φρῖξαιS.El.1408 (lyr.)]:—to be rough or uneven on the surface, bristle, φρίσσουσιν ἄρουραι (sc. σταχύεσσι) Il.23.599; “φρίξας κάρπιμος στάχυςE.Supp.31; of a line of battle, “ἔφριξεν μάχη ἐγχείῃσινIl.13.339; “φάλαγγες σάκεσίν τε καὶ ἔγχεσι πεφρικυῖαι4.282, cf. 7.62; φρίξας εὐλόφῳ σφηκώματι, of the crest of a helmet, S.Fr.341; of a tree, “φρίσσουσα ζεφύροιςPl.Eleg.25; “φιάλα χρυσῷ πεφρικυῖαPi.I.6(5).40; χερσὶ δεξιωνύμοις ἔφριξεν αἰθήρ, of a crowd holding up their hands to vote, A.Supp.608; of hair, mane, or bristles, bristle up, stand on end, μηδ᾽ ὀρθαὶ φρίσσωσιν [τρίχες] Hes.Op.540, cf. Arist.HA560b8, Pr.888a38; “ἔφριξαν ἔθειραιTheoc. 25.244; of foliage, φύλλα πεφρικότα, opp. κεκλιμένα, Thphr.HP3.9.4: c.acc. of respect, φρίξας εὖ λοφιήν having set up his bristly mane, Od.19.446; “φ. τρίχαςHes.Sc.391; φ. νῶτον, αὐχένας, Il.13.473, Hes.Sc.171; “χαίτανAr.Ra.822 (lyr.); also πτεροῖσι νῶτα πεφρίκοντες bristling on their backs with feathers, Pi.P.4.183; “λέοντος δέρος χαίτῃ πεφρικόςE.Ph.1121.
2. ἄσθματι φρίσσων πνοάς ruckling in his throat, of one just dying, dub.l. in Pi.N.10.74.
3. of the rippling surface of smooth water (cf. “φρίξ1), “φ. θάλασσαι . . πνοιῇσιD.P.112, cf. Alciphr.1.1; of breakers, “ῥηγμῖνες φ.A.R.4.1575, cf. Ael.NA7.33; also of rain, “φρίσσοντες ὄμβροιPi.P.4.81, expld. by Sch. as φρίσσειν ποιοῦντες, cf. “ὁπόταν . . φρίσσων Βορέας ἐπισπέρχῃId.Parth.2.18.
II. freq. of a feeling of chill, shiver, shudder:
1. of the effect of cold, shiver, Hes.Op.512, Hp.Aff. 11, Arist.Pr.963a33, 965a33; χωρὶς τοῦ φρῖξαι unless he catch a chill, Gal.10.803; of the teeth, chatter, D.H.Rh.10.9.
2. of the effect of fear, shudder, S.El.1408 (lyr.), Tr.1044; “πέφρικ᾽ ἐγὼ μέν, αὖός εἰμι τῷ δέειMen.Epit.480; “φ. γαῖα πόντος τεh.Hom.27.8; ἅλω δὲ πολλὴν . . ἔφριζα δινήσαντος I shuddered when he swung the vast shield round, A.Th.490; οὐ φρίττουσιν (sc. animals) “ὡς φρίττουσιν οἱ ἄνθρωποιPhld.D.1.12: c. acc., shudder at one, “οἵ τέ σε πεφρίκασιIl.11.383; “πάντες δέ με πεφρίκασιν24.775, cf. Pi.O.7.38, S.Ant.997, Ar.Nu.1133; “τῶν δημοτέων φ. τὸν ἥκιστονHerod.2.30; “τοὺς τελώνας πᾶσα νῦν θύρη φρίσσειId.6.64; “πεφρικέναι τὸν θάνατονPhld.Mort. 39; “φρίττουσι τὴν σύντροφόν τε καὶ φίλην οἱ ἰχθύες θάλαττανAel.NA9.57: c. acc. et inf., πέφρικα . . Ἐρινὺν τελέσαι I tremble at the thought of her accomplishing . . , A.Th.720 (lyr.) (but not c. dat., for ἐρετμοῖσι φρίξουσι they shall shudder at the oars is f.l. for φρύξουσι in Orac. ap. Hdt.8.96): c. part., πέφρικα λεύσσων I shudder at seeing, A.Supp.346; “φ. σε δερκομέναId.Pr.540 (lyr.), cf. 695 (lyr.): c. inf., fear to do, D.21.135: c. Prep., “φ. πρὸς τοὺς πόνουςPlu.2.8f; “φ. πρὸς τὴν ἀκοὴν τῆς Ῥωμαίων τέχνηςLib.Or.24.16; “φ. ὑπὲρ ὧν προσήκει παθεῖνD.51.9.
3. feel a holy thrill or awe at,ἐν ἱερῷ φ. ἅπαντα καὶ προσκυνεῖνPlu.2.26b; “τοὺς θεοὺς πέφρικαJul.Or.7.212b, al.
4. thrill with passionate joy, “ἔφριξ᾽ ἔρωτιS.Aj.693, A.Fr.387.—Rare in early Prose, exc. in the sense of shuddering, fearing, Pl.R.387c, Phdr.251a,
hide Dictionary Entry Lookup
Use this tool to search for dictionary entries in all lexica.
Search for in
How to enter text in Greek:
hide References (36 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (36):
    • Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound, 695
    • Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound, 540
    • Aeschylus, Seven Against Thebes, 490
    • Aeschylus, Seven Against Thebes, 720
    • Aeschylus, Suppliant Maidens, 346
    • Aeschylus, Suppliant Maidens, 608
    • Aristophanes, Frogs, 822
    • Demosthenes, Against Midias, 135
    • Demosthenes, On the Trierarchic Crown, 9
    • Euripides, Phoenician Women, 1121
    • Euripides, Suppliants, 31
    • Herodotus, Histories, 8.96
    • Hesiod, Shield of Heracles, 391
    • Hesiod, Shield of Heracles, 171
    • Hesiod, Works and Days, 540
    • Hesiod, Works and Days, 512
    • Homer, Iliad, 11.383
    • Homer, Iliad, 13.339
    • Homer, Iliad, 23.599
    • Homer, Iliad, 7.62
    • Homeric Hymns, Hymn 27 to Artemis, 8
    • Pindar, Nemean, 1
    • Plato, Republic, 387c
    • Plato, Phaedrus, 251a
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 693
    • Sophocles, Antigone, 997
    • Sophocles, Electra, 1408
    • Homer, Iliad, 13.473
    • Homer, Iliad, 24.775
    • Homer, Iliad, 4.282
    • Sophocles, Ichneutae, 341
    • Sophocles, Trachiniae, 1044
    • Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica, 4.1575
    • Aristophanes, Clouds, 1133
    • Aelian, De Natura Animalium, 7.33
    • Aelian, De Natura Animalium, 9.57
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: