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φύρω [υ_], Hes.Op.61, Pl.Phd.97b: impf.
A.ἔφυ_ρονIl.24.162, A.Pr. 450: fut. “φύρσωPi.Pae.2.73, Hsch.: aor. subj. “φύρσωOd.18.21, inf. “φύρσαιA.R.2.59; later “ἔφυ_ραAP7.476 (Mel.), Luc.Prom.13:— Med., aor. part. “φυρσάμενοςNic.Th.507:—Pass., fut. “πεφύρσομαιPi.N.1.68 codd.; later φυ^ρήσομαι συμ-) Sch. ad loc.: aor. “ἐφύρθηνA.Ag.732 (lyr.); later aor. 2 ἐφύρην [υ^] συναν-) Luc.Ep.Sat.28: pf. πέφυρμαι (v. infr.):—mix something dry with something wet, mostly with a sense of mixing so as to spoil or defile,γαῖαν ὕδει φ.Hes.Op.61; esp. of tears or blood, δάκρυσιν εἵματ᾽ ἔφυρον they wetted, sullied their garments with tears, Il.24.162: c. gen. pro dat., “μή σε . . στῆθος καὶ χείλεα φύρσω αἵματοςOd.18.21:—Pass., “δάκρυσι πεφυρμένη17.103, etc.; “ὄμμα δακρύοις πεφυρμένοιE.Or.1411 (lyr.); “πεφυρμένος αἵματιOd.9.397; “γῆ αἵματι πεφ.X.Ages.2.14; “αἵματι δ᾽ οἶκος ἐφύρθηA. l.c. (lyr.); “μητρὸς . . ἐν αἵμασι πεφυρμένοιE.El.1173; “πάντα βορβόρῳ πεφυρμέναSemon.7.3; “ἱστίον . . πεφυρμένον πρινὸς ἄνθεϊstained, dyed, Simon.54: dub. in signf. of φυράω, ἐλαίῳ ἄλφιτα πεφυρμένα, v.l. for πεφυραμένα in Th.3.49; τέφρᾳ πεφυρμένῃ ὄξει, v.l. for πεφυραμένῃ in Gp.5.39.2.
2. of dry things, “κόνει φύρουσα . . κάραE.Hec.496; γαίᾳ πεφύρσεσθαι κόμαν to be doomed to have one's hair defiled with earth, Pi. l.c.; “ἄνθος ἔφυρε κόνιςAP7.476 (Mel.).
II. metaph., jumble together, confound, confuse, ἔφυρον εἰκῇ πάντα they mingled all things up together, did all at random, A.Pr.450, cf. Ar.Ra.945, Pl.Phd.97b; (Med., οὐκ ἂν φύροιο would not jumble your arguments, ib.101e); “φύρουσι δ᾽ αὐτὰ θεοὶ πάλιν τε καὶ πρόσω ταραγμὸν ἐντιθέντεςE.Hec.958; ἐν ταῖς ὁμιλίαις φύρειν to speak confusedly among themselves, M.Ant.8.51:—Pass., to be mixed up,ἐν τῷ αὐτῷPl.Grg.465c, cf. d; βίοτον ἐκ πεφυρμένου καὶ θηριώδους διεσταθμήσατο from a confused and savage state, E.Supp. 201.
2. Med., mix with others, mingle in society, Pl.Lg.950a; φύρεσθαι πρὸς τὸν ἄνθρωπον associate, have dealings with him, Id.Hp. Ma.291a; φυρομένοισιν ἀεὶ περὶ γαστέρος ὁρμήν wallowing in the lusts of the belly, Opp.H.3.440, and cf. “μείγνυμιB.
3. confound, Pi.Pae.2.73 (expld. by Sch. as = ἀποκτενεῖ).
4. Pass., metaph., to be mutually befouled by abuse, Plu.2.89d. (Prob. cogn. with πορφύρω.
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  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (22):
    • Aeschylus, Agamemnon, 732
    • Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound, 450
    • Aristophanes, Frogs, 945
    • Euripides, Electra, 1173
    • Euripides, Hecuba, 496
    • Euripides, Hecuba, 958
    • Euripides, Orestes, 1411
    • Euripides, Suppliants, 201
    • Hesiod, Works and Days, 61
    • Homer, Iliad, 24.162
    • Homer, Odyssey, 9.397
    • Homer, Odyssey, 17.103
    • Homer, Odyssey, 18.21
    • Plato, Laws, 950a
    • Plato, Phaedo, 101e
    • Plato, Phaedo, 97b
    • Plato, Gorgias, 465c
    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.49
    • Xenophon, Agesilaus, 2.14
    • Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica, 2.59
    • Lucian, Prometheus, 13
    • Marcus Aurelius, M. Antonius Imperator Ad Se Ipsum, 8.51
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