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φυ^σικός , ή, όν,
A.natural, produced or caused by nature, inborn, native, once in X.,Mem.3.9.1, not in Pl., freq. in Arist. (“τὰ περὶ γένεσιν φ.Ph.191a3, al.), and later Prose; opp. διδακτός, X. l.c.; opp. νομικός (conventional), “δίκαιονArist.EN1134b19; φ. χρῆσις, opp. παρὰ φύσιν, Ep.Rom.1.26; of style, natural, simple,ἀληθὲς καὶ φ. χρῶμαD.H.Th.42; τὸ φ., opp. τὸ τεχνικόν, ib.34: φ. υἱός, = ἐκ πορνείας γεγονώς, opp. γνήσιος, Thom.Mag.p.362 R.; “υἱὸς γνήσιος καὶ φ.PLips.28.18 (iv A. D.). Adv. -κῶς by nature, naturally, κινητόν, κινεῖσθαι, Arist.Ph.201a24, Cael.307b32; “ὠχυρωμένη φ. λίμνῃD.S.20.55; “ἀκατασκεύως καὶ φ.Plb.6.4.7, etc.
b. belonging to the nature of a plant, characteristic, Thphr.HP8.4.4, al.
2. belonging to growth, Stoic.2.205, al.
3. φ. ὀδόντες milk-teeth, Nicom. ap. Theol.Ar.49.
II. of or concerning the order of external nature, natural, physical, φ. ἐπιστήμηArist.PA640a2; φ. φιλοσοφία ib.653a9; “ φ.Id.Metaph.1026a6, etc.; opp. μαθηματική, θεολογική, ib.1064b2; τὰ φ. ib.1026a4; οἱ φ. λόγοι f.l. for οἱ φυσιολόγοι, Id.EN1154b7; φ. προτάσεις, opp. ἠθικαί, λογικαί, Id.Top.105b21; τὸ φ., τὸ ἠθικόν, τὸ λογικόν, the three branches of philosophy, Zeno Stoic.1.15, etc., cf. S.E.P.2.13; τὰ πρῶτα καὶ -ώτατα the primal elements of things, Plu.2.395d.
2. φ.an inquirer into nature, natural philosopher, An.403a28, PA641a21, Metaph.1005a34; “περὶ πασῶν [τῶν αἰτιῶν] εἰδέναι τοῦ φ.Id.Ph.198a22, cf. Metaph. 1026a5: esp. of the Ionic and other pre-Socratic philosophers, Id.Ph.184b17, 187a12, 205a5, al.: also φ., of Epicurus, Phylarch. 24J.; φυσικώτατος, of Thales, Luc.Ner.4.
b. army surgeon, dub. in IG12.950.153.
3. φ. ἀκρόασις, title of a treatise by Arist.; τὰ φυσικά, a name given to his physical treatises, Id.Ph.267b21, Metaph.1042b8; “ἐπιτομὴ φυσικῶνId.Pr.10tit.
4. Adv. “-κῶςaccording to the laws of nature, Id.Ph.198a23; opp. λογικῶς, ib.204b10: Comp. “-ώτερον εἰπεῖνId.GC335b25.
III. later, belonging to occult laws of nature, magical, φ. φάρμακα spells or amulets, Alex. Trall.1.15; “φυσικοῖς χρῆσθαιGp.2.18.8; φ. θεραπεία ib.2.42.3; φ. δακτύλιοι Sch.Ar.Pl.884. Adv. “-κῶςGp.9.1.5.
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hide References (7 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (7):
    • Aristophanes, Plutus, 884
    • Xenophon, Memorabilia, 3.9.1
    • Polybius, Histories, 6.4.7
    • New Testament, Romans, 1.26
    • Diodorus, Historical Library, 20.55
    • Dionysius of Halicarnassus, De Thucydide, 34
    • Dionysius of Halicarnassus, De Thucydide, 42
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