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φων-έω , (φωνή)
A.produce a sound or tone:
I. prop. of men, speak loud or clearly, or simply, speak, give utterance, Hom. only in aor. (pres. and impf. only in compds.); “ὣς ἄρα φωνήσας ἀπέβηIl.6.116, cf. 11.531, al.; “ἔπος φάτο φώνησέν τεOd.4.370; “φωνήσας προσέφηIl.14.41; καί μιν φωνήσας ἔπεα πτερόεντα προσηύδα addressed him with a loud voice in winged words, 1.201, cf. 4.284, al.; “φωνοῦντος ἠχοῦντος ψοφοῦντοςEpicur.Ep.1p.13U.; folld. by the words spoken, φώνησε φώνασε codd.) “δ᾽, "εὕδεις, βασιλεῦ"Pi.O.13.67; “χρυσοῖς δὲ φωνεῖ γράμμασιν, "πρήσω πόλιν"A.Th.434, cf. Ag.1334 (anap.); οἱ βουλευταὶ ἐφώνησαν . . the Senators exclaimed . . , POxy. 2110.6 (iv A. D.); "βέκος" φ. utter the word βέκος, Hdt.2.2: c. acc. cogn., ὄπα φωνησάσης having made her voice sound, Od.24.535; “φ. φάτινS.El.329: with neut. Adj., φ. μέγιστον ἀνθρώπων to have the loudest voice, Hdt.4.141, 7.117; “ὄρθιον φ.Pi.N.10.76; “ἄλλο τι φ.A.Pr. 1063 (anap.); “τάδε φ.Id.Ch.314 (anap.); “μέγα φ.Id.Eu.936 (anap.), S.Ph.574; “ἄπυστα φ.Id.OC489; “ὅσια φ.Id.Ph.662; δεινὸν φ. ib. 1225; “εὔφημαId.Aj.362, 591, E.IT687, etc.; “μηδεὶς ἔπος φωνείτωIG22.1368.108; “τὸν ῥηϊδίως φωνεῦντα πᾶν ἔποςAnaxarch.1: abs., cry aloud, as in joy, S.Tr.202; of a singer, “ἀοιδὸς . . αἰόλα φωνέωνTheoc.16.44:—Pass., τὰ φωνηθέντα sounds or words uttered, Pl.Sph. 262c, Ti.72a, cf. Longin.39.4.
2. of animals, utter their cries, Arist. HA578a32; of birds, ib.593a14; [τὰ σελάχη] φωνεῖν οὐκ ὀρθῶς ἔχει φάναι, ψοφεῖν δέ ib.535b25; “ἐφώνησε πέρδιξLXXJe.17.11; of the cock, crow, Ev.Matt.26.34, al.
3. as law-term, affirm, testify in court, Leg.Gort.1.18, al. (written πωνίω).
4. of a musical instrument, sound, E.Or.146 (lyr.); of sounds, ἡδὺ φωνεῖν sound sweetly, Plu.2.1021b; but βροντὴ φ. it has a voice, is significant, X.Ap.12.
5. ἄφωνα καὶ φωνοῦντα consonants and vowels, E.Fr.578 codd. Stob. (fort. ἄφωνα φωνήεντα).
II. c. acc. pers., call by name, call, Αἴαντα φωνῶ I call 'Ajax' S.Aj.73, cf. Ph.229, Ev.Matt.27.47, etc.; call by a name, “ὑμεῖς φωνεῖτέ με " διδάσκαλος"Ev.Jo.13.13:—Pass., to be called,τὰ ἀρχαῖα ἐκπώματα κισσύβια φωνέεταιNic.Fr.1.
4. c. dat. pers., call to, cry to,Ζεῦ ἄνα, σοὶ φωνῶS.OC1485 (lyr.), cf. OT1121; “ἕρποντι φωνεῖςId.Aj. 543.
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  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (40):
    • Aeschylus, Eumenides, 936
    • Aeschylus, Libation Bearers, 283
    • Aeschylus, Libation Bearers, 314
    • Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound, 1063
    • Aeschylus, Seven Against Thebes, 434
    • Euripides, Iphigeneia in Taurus, 687
    • Euripides, Orestes, 146
    • Herodotus, Histories, 2.2
    • Herodotus, Histories, 4.141
    • Herodotus, Histories, 7.117
    • Homer, Iliad, 1.201
    • Homer, Iliad, 4.284
    • Homer, Odyssey, 24.535
    • Homer, Odyssey, 4.370
    • New Testament, John, 13.13
    • New Testament, Matthew, 27.47
    • Plato, Sophist, 262c
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    • Sophocles, Ajax, 362
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    • Homer, Iliad, 11.531
    • Homer, Iliad, 14.41
    • Homer, Iliad, 6.116
    • Sophocles, Philoctetes, 229
    • Sophocles, Philoctetes, 662
    • Aeschylus, Agamemnon, 1334
    • Old Testament, Jeremiah, 17.11
    • New Testament, Luke, 14.12
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