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γνώμων , ονος, , (γι-γνώ-σκω) that knows or examines, an interpreter, discerner, “θεσφάτωνA.Ag.1130; “τῶν παραχρῆμαTh.1.138; γλῶττα γ. (sc. γλυκέων καὶ δριμέων) X.Mem.1.4.5: γνώμονες, οἱ, inspectors of the sacred olives at Athens, Lys.7.25.
2. expert witness or valuer, SIG169.52 (lasus, iv B. C.).
3. as Adj., discerning, “νόοςHymn.Is.141.
2. pointer of the sun-dial, Hdt.2.109, Phld.Sign.30, Plu. Per.6 (pl.), D.L.2.1.
b. Geom., gnomon, Euc.2 Def.2, etc.
c. Arith., number added to a figurate number to obtain the next number of the same figure, Nic.p.58 P.; esp. of the odd integers, Arist.Ph.203a14, Theo Sm.p.32 H.; also of the original figurate number, Theol.Ar.9 (dub.l.).
3. = κλεψύδρα, Thphr.Fr. 159.
4. point of a drill, Apollod.Poliorc.149.4.
5. generally, index, “τινόςPlu.2.968f, Ael.NA6.34, al., Vett.Val.305.10; simply, mark, POxy.1409.18 (iii A. D.).
6. in pl., teeth that mark a horse's age, X.Eq.3.1.
7. metaph., rule of life, Thgn.543, cf. Luc.Herm. 76.
8. sens. obsc., “ γ. ἀνίσταταιDiog.Ep.35.
V. tariff, OGI 674.5 (Coptos), BGU1118.45 (i B. C.), AB233.
2. code of regulations, PGnom.1, OGI669.44 (i A. D.).
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hide References (11 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (11):
    • Aeschylus, Agamemnon, 1130
    • Euclid, Elements, 2
    • Herodotus, Histories, 2.109
    • Lysias, On the Olive Stump, 25
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.138
    • Xenophon, Memorabilia, 1.4.5
    • Xenophon, On the Art of Horsemanship, 3.1
    • Diogenes Laertius, Vitae philosophorum, 2.1
    • Plutarch, Pericles, 6
    • Lucian, Hermotimus, 76
    • Aelian, De Natura Animalium, 6.34
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