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ἤπειρ-ος , Dor. ἄπ- [α_], ,
A.terra firma, land, opp. the sea, Od.3.90, 10.56, Il.1.485, Hes.Op.624, etc.; κατ᾽ ἤπειρον by land, Hdt.4.97, 8.66; “μήτ᾽ ἐν θαλάττῃ μήτ᾽ ἐν ἠπείρῳAr.Ach.534, cf. Timocr.8: hence, even of an island, “ἤπειρόνδεOd.5.56; but,
II. esp. the mainland of Western Greece, opp. the neighbouring islands, Od.14.97, al.; “ἤπειρόνδε18.84, cf. Th.3.114 (so as pr. n., Pi.N.4.51, X.HG6.1.7, etc.): generally, mainland, opp. islands, Hdt.1.148,171, al., Th.1.5, Philostr. VA1.20, etc.
III. later, a continent, esp. of Asia. Hdt.1.96, 4.91, A.Pers.718 (troch.), X.HG3.1.5, D.60.11, etc.; ῥεῖθρον ἠπείροιν -ων codd.) ὅρον, of the Tanais or Phasis, A.Pr.790; so δισσαὶ ἄπειροι, i.e. Europe and Asia, S.Tr.101 (lyr.); “τὼ δύ᾽ ἠπείρωId.Fr.881; ἐφ᾽ ἑκατέρας τῆς . Isoc.4.35; . δοιαί, δίδυμαι, ἀμφότεραι, Mosch. 2.8, AP7.18 (Antip. Thess.), 240 (Adaeus), Lib.Ep.783.3; ῥίζαν ἀπείρον τρίταν, of Libya, Pi.P.9.8.
IV. plain, opp. mountain, “ἤπειρόνδεA.R.2.734,976.
V. in Egypt, land above inundationlevel, PGiss.48.8 (iii A.D.); more freq., γῆ . PLond.3.1201.2 (ii B.C.), etc. (Fr. α?περ-yos, cf. Germ. Ufer.
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hide References (26 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (26):
    • Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound, 790
    • Aeschylus, Persians, 718
    • Demosthenes, Funeral Speech, 11
    • Herodotus, Histories, 4.91
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.148
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.96
    • Herodotus, Histories, 4.97
    • Herodotus, Histories, 8.66
    • Hesiod, Works and Days, 624
    • Homer, Iliad, 1.485
    • Homer, Odyssey, 10.56
    • Homer, Odyssey, 14.97
    • Homer, Odyssey, 18.84
    • Homer, Odyssey, 3.90
    • Homer, Odyssey, 5.56
    • Isocrates, Panegyricus, 35
    • Sophocles, Trachiniae, 101
    • Xenophon, Hellenica, 3.1.5
    • Xenophon, Hellenica, 6.1.7
    • Sophocles, Ichneutae, 881
    • Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica, 2.734
    • Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica, 2.976
    • Aristophanes, Acharnians, 534
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.5
    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.114
    • Philostratus the Athenian, Life of Apollonius of Tyana, 1.20
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