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ἴλη [ι_], Dor. ἴλα_ (Boeot. ϝιλ- in ϝιλαρχίω), ,, troop of men, Hdt.1.73,202; εὔφρονες ἶλαι merry companies, Pi.N.5.38; also “ἴλα λεόντωνE.Alc.581 (lyr.).
2. as a military term, troop of horse, prop. of sixty-four men, cf. Arr.Tact.18.2; but varying in number, Ascl.Tact.7.2;= Lat. turma, Plb.6.25.1, al., D.H.6.12, al., Plu.Caes. 45,al.; later,= Lat. ala, IGRom.3.272 (Galatia), BGU69 (ii A.D.), J. AJ17.10.9, etc.; κατὰ ἴλας,= ἰλαδόν, opp. κατὰ τάξεις, X.An.1.2.16: generally, troop or company of soldiers, S.Aj.1407 (anap.).
3. at Sparta, subdivision of the ἀγέλα (q.v.), X.Lac.2.11; “κατ᾽ ἴληνPlu. Lyc.16.
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hide References (11 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (11):
    • Euripides, Alcestis, 581
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.73
    • Flavius Josephus, Jewish Antiquities, 17.10.9
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 1407
    • Xenophon, Anabasis, 1.2.16
    • Xenophon, Constitution of the Lacedaimonians, 2.11
    • Polybius, Histories, 6.25.1
    • Plutarch, Caesar, 45
    • Plutarch, Lycurgus, 16
    • Arrian, Tactica, 18.2
    • Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Antiquitates Romanae, 6.12
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