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κα^θαρμός , , (καθαίρω)
A.cleansing, purification, from guilt, “νίψαι καθαρμῷ τήνδε τὴν στέγηνS.OT1228: hence, purificatory offering, atonement, expiation, “καθαρμὸν τῆς χώρης ποιέεσθαί τιναHdt.7.197: freq. in pl., “μύσος ἐλαύνειν καθαρμοῖςA.Ch.968 (lyr., dub. l.), cf. Th. 738, Eu.277, 283, Berl.Sitzb.1927.156 (Cyrene): sg., S.OT99; θοῦ νῦν καθαρμὸν δαιμόνων make an offering to avert their wrath, Id.OC466; “καθαρμὸν θύεινE.IT1332; “λύσεις τε καὶ καθαρμοὶ ἀδικημάτωνPl.R. 364e; περὶ τὴν διάνοιαν κ. Id.Sph.227c; κ. ποιεῖσθαι τῆς δυνάμεως, Lat. lustrare exercitum, Plb.21.41.9, Plu.Caes.43; of the Roman lustrum, D.H.4.22; κ. ὅπλων, σάλπιγγος,= Lat. armilustrium, tubilustrium, Lyd.Mens.4.34,60.
2. purificatory rite of initiation into mysteries, Pl.Phd.69c, Phdr.244e; “ἀνιστὰς ἀπὸ τοῦ καθαρμοῦD.18.259, cf. Plu.2.47a: hence in pl., as title of poem by Empedocles, Ath.14.620d; by Epimenides, Suid. s.h.v.
3. purgation by ordeal, PMag.Lond.46.180,196.
II. purging, evacuation, discharge, Arist.HA587b1, Plu.2.134d.
2. metaph., purge, clearance of unhealthy animals, Pl.Lg.735b.
III. = κάθαρμα 1.2, Plu. 2.518b.
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hide References (18 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (18):
    • Aeschylus, Eumenides, 277
    • Aeschylus, Eumenides, 283
    • Aeschylus, Libation Bearers, 968
    • Aeschylus, Seven Against Thebes, 738
    • Demosthenes, On the Crown, 259
    • Euripides, Iphigeneia in Taurus, 1332
    • Herodotus, Histories, 7.197
    • Plato, Laws, 735b
    • Plato, Republic, 364e
    • Plato, Phaedo, 69c
    • Plato, Sophist, 227c
    • Plato, Phaedrus, 244e
    • Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, 466
    • Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus, 1228
    • Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus, 99
    • Polybius, Histories, 21.41.9
    • Plutarch, Caesar, 43
    • Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Antiquitates Romanae, 4.22
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