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καθύπερθε [υ^], poet. before a vowel καθύπερ-θεν (also v.l. in Th.5.59, S. El.1090 (lyr.)); Ion. κατύπερθε : Adv.:—
A.from above, down from above, “δεινὸν δὲ λόφος κ. ἔνευενIl.3.337, cf. 22.196, Od.12.442, etc.; “κ. μελαθρόφιν8.279; “ἐκ μὲν τοῦ πεδίου . . , κ. δέ . . Th.5.59, cf.IG12.398: c. gen., “πυρόςNic.Th.691.
2. atop, above, opp. ὑπένερθε, Od.10.353; κ. ἐπιρρέει floats atop, Il.2.754; “κ. τῶν ὅπλων τοῦ τόνουHdt.7.36; of geographical position, “Λέσβος ἄνω . . , καὶ Φρυγίη καθύπερθεIl.24.545: c. gen., καθύπερθε Χίοιο above, i.e. north of, Chios, Od.3.170: in Prose, “Κέρκιος κατύπερθεSIG1.3 (Abu Simbel, vi B. C.); Χώρη κ. Hdt.4.8; “ κ. ὁδόςId.1.104, etc.; τὰ κ. the upper country, i.e. farther inland, “τὰ κ. τῆς λίμνηςId.2.5; τὰ κ. τῆς θηριώδεος ib.32; “τοῖσι κ. Ἀσσυρίων οἰκημένοισιId.1.194.
3. above, having the upper hand of, κ. γενέσθαι τινός, prop., of a wrestler who falls atop of his opponent, ib.67, 8.60.“γ́; κ. Χερὶ πλούτῳ τε τῶν ἐχθρῶνS.El.l.c. (lyr.); also, of affairs, “ἐλογίζετο . . κ. οἱ τὰ πρήγματα ἔσεσθαι τῶν ἙλληνικῶνHdt.8.136; “κακοὶ δ᾽ ἀγαθῶν καθύπερθενThgn.679; μόχθου κ. superior to misery, unconquered by it, Pi.P.9.31; also “κ. . . Hdt.8.75.
II. of Time, before, c. gen., Id.5.28.
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hide References (19 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (19):
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.104
    • Herodotus, Histories, 2.5
    • Herodotus, Histories, 5.28
    • Herodotus, Histories, 8.136
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.194
    • Herodotus, Histories, 4.8
    • Herodotus, Histories, 7.36
    • Herodotus, Histories, 8.60
    • Herodotus, Histories, 8.75
    • Homer, Iliad, 22.196
    • Homer, Iliad, 24.545
    • Homer, Iliad, 2.754
    • Homer, Iliad, 3.337
    • Homer, Odyssey, 10.353
    • Homer, Odyssey, 12.442
    • Homer, Odyssey, 3.170
    • Homer, Odyssey, 8.279
    • Sophocles, Electra, 1090
    • Thucydides, Histories, 5.59
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