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καρκίνος [ι^], , heterocl. pl. καρκίνα (v. sub. fin.: on the accent v. Hdn.Gr.2.926):—
A.crab, Epich.53, Hellanic.103 J., S.Ichn.298, Ar. Eq.608, Pl.Euthd.297c, Batr.299; “κ. ποδήνεμοιCrates Com.29.3: various species distinguished, Arist.HA525a34, cf. 601a17, al.: prov., “οὔποτε ποιήσεις τὸν καρκίνον ὀρθὰ βαδίζεινAr.Pax1083; εἴς μ᾽ ὁρεῦσα καρκίνου μέζον 'with saucer-eyes', Herod.4.44.
II. Cancer, as a sign in the zodiac, Eudox. ap. Hipparch.1.2.18, Euc. Phaen.p.10 M., Arat.147, etc.
III. eating sore or ulcer, cancer, = καρκίνωμα, Hp.Aph.6.38, D.25.95, Gal.10.83.
IV. from like ness of shape to crab's claws,
1. pair of pincers, Aen.Tact.20.3, 32.5, IG11(2).165.11 (Delos, iii B.C.), AP6.92 (Phil.), Ath.10.456d; “κ. σιδηροῦςPOxy.521.14 (ii A.D.); used as an instrument of torture, D.S.20.71: in Surgery, forceps, “κ. ἰατρικόςIG22.47.16: metaph., λήψεται τὸν τράχηλον ἐντόνως κ. E.Cyc.609.
2. = ζυγώματα, bones of the temples, Poll.2.85.
3. a kind of shoe, Pherecr.178.
4. a kind of bandage, Heliod. ap. Orib.48.54 tit., Gal.18(1).777.
5. pair of compasses, Ph.Bel.55.25, Ph.2.192, Gal.Opt.Doctr.3, S.E.M. 10.54: heterocl. pl., “καρκίνα σπειροῦχαAP6.295.5 (Phan.).
6. still, implied in “καρκινοειδής11 (q. v.).
V. pr. n. of Attic tragedian, hence prov., Καρκίνου ποιήματα, = τὰ αἰνιγματώδη, Men.525; Megarian pr. n. Κερκίνος SIG201.12 (iv B.C.). (Cf. Lat. cancer, Skt. karka[tnull ]as 'crab'.)
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hide References (7 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (7):
    • Aristophanes, Knights, 608
    • Aristophanes, Peace, 1083
    • Demosthenes, Against Aristogiton 1, 95
    • Euripides, Cyclops, 609
    • Plato, Euthydemus, 297c
    • Hippocrates, Aphorismi, 6.38
    • Diodorus, Historical Library, 20.71
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