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κατάρχ-ω ,
A.make beginning of a thing, c.gen., τίνες κατῆρξαν . . μάχης; A.Pers.351; ὁδοῦ κατάρχειν lead the way, S.OC1019; “δεινοῦ λόγουId.Tr.1135; “λόγων ΧρησίμωνAr.Lys.638, cf. Pl.Prt.351e, etc.; “τραυμάτωνAscl.Tact.7.1; τὸ κατάρχον αἰσθήσεως, τῆς κινήσεως, the source of perception, of motion, Gal. 5.588: rarely c. acc., begin a thing, “θαυμαστόν τινα λόγονPl.Euthd. 283b: c. part., begin doing, X.Cyr.1.4.4, 4.5.58: abs., Pl.Smp.177e, Arist.Mu.399a15.
2. θανόντα δεσπόταν γόοις κατάρξω I will lead the dirge over . . , E.Andr.1199 (lyr., with reference to the religious sense, infr. 11.2).
II. Med., begin, like Act., c. gen., “ἐχθρᾶς ἡμέρας κατάρχεταιId.Ph.540; “τοῖς κατηργμένοις τῆς πορείαςPl.Phdr.256d; “κ. τῆς προσβολῆςPlb.2.67.1; “τοῦ λόγουPlu.2.151e: c. acc., κ. νόμον, στεναγμόν, E.Hec.685 (s. v. l.), Or.960 (both lyr.): abs., κατάρχεται μέλος is beginning, Id.HF750 (lyr.), cf. 891 (lyr.); “τὸ -άρξασθαιAel. Tact.17.
2. in religious sense, begin the sacrificial ceremonies, once in Hom., “Νέστωρ Χέρνιβά τ᾽ οὐλοχύτας τε κατήρχετοNestor began [the sacrifice] with the washing of hands and sprinkling the barley on the victim's head, Od.3.445: abs., Hdt.4.60, 103, And.1.126; κατάρχομαι μέν, σφάγια δ᾽ ἄλλοισιν μέλει I begin the rite, but leave the slaughter of the victim to others, E.IT40; ἐπὶ τῶν θυσιῶν κριθαῖς κ. D.H.2.25: c. gen., κατάρχεσθαι τοῦ τράγου make a beginning of the victim, i. e. consecrate him for sacrifice by cutting off the hair of his forehead, Ar.Av.959; ἐπεὶ δὲ αὐτοῦ (sc. Ἡρακλέος)“ πρὸς τῷ βωμῷ κατάρχοντοHdt.2.45; πῶς δ᾽ αὖ κατάρξῃ θυμάτων; E.Ph.573, cf.IT56, 1154; “κατάρξασθαι τῶν ἱερῶνD.21.114: metaph., “σκυτάλην λαβών μου κατήρξατοLuc.Somn.3, cf. Plu.Caes.66:—so later in Act., Hld.2.34, al.
b. sacrifice, slay, ξίφει, φασγάνῳ κ., E.Alc.74, El.1222 (lyr.):— Pass., (sc. τῇ θεᾷ σὸν κατῆρκται σῶμα hath been devoted, Id.Heracl. 601.
III. Act., rule, govern, c. gen., Alciphr.3.44 (s.v.l.).
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hide References (33 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (33):
    • Aeschylus, Persians, 351
    • Andocides, On the Mysteries, 126
    • Aristophanes, Birds, 959
    • Aristophanes, Lysistrata, 638
    • Demosthenes, Against Midias, 114
    • Euripides, Alcestis, 74
    • Euripides, Andromache, 1199
    • Euripides, Electra, 1222
    • Euripides, Hecuba, 685
    • Euripides, Heracles, 891
    • Euripides, Heracles, 750
    • Euripides, Heraclidae, 601
    • Euripides, Iphigeneia in Taurus, 1154
    • Euripides, Iphigeneia in Taurus, 40
    • Euripides, Iphigeneia in Taurus, 56
    • Euripides, Orestes, 960
    • Euripides, Phoenician Women, 573
    • Euripides, Phoenician Women, 540
    • Herodotus, Histories, 4.60
    • Herodotus, Histories, 2.45
    • Homer, Odyssey, 3.445
    • Plato, Phaedrus, 256d
    • Plato, Symposium, 177e
    • Plato, Euthydemus, 283b
    • Plato, Protagoras, 351e
    • Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, 1019
    • Sophocles, Trachiniae, 1135
    • Xenophon, Cyropaedia, 1.4.4
    • Xenophon, Cyropaedia, 4.5.58
    • Polybius, Histories, 2.67.1
    • Plutarch, Caesar, 66
    • Lucian, Somnium sive vita Luciani, 3
    • Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Antiquitates Romanae, 2.25
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