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κατα-ρρήγνυ_μι and κατα-ύω , fut.
A.-ρήξωE.HF864: late pf. “κατέρρηχαArch.Pap.2.125b10 (ii A. D.):—break down, “τὴν γέφυρανHdt.4.201; “μέλαθραE. l.c.
3. metaph., τροπὰς καταρρήγνυσι[ ἀναρχία] breaks up armies and turns them to flight, S.Ant.675.
4. κ. τινῶν γέλωτας make them burst out laughing, Ath.4.130c; cf. 11.2.
2. fall, rush down, of storms, waterfalls, etc., Hp.Aër.8; break or burst out, “Χειμὼν κατερράγηHdt. 1.87; “ὄμβροι καταρραγέντεςArist.Mu.400a26; of tears, “ἐξ ὀμμάτων πηγαὶ κατερρώγασιE.Alc.1068: c. gen., “τοῦ ῥεύματος -ρρηγνυμένου τῶν ὀρῶνPhilostr.VA6.23 (also intr. in Act., of a river, “-ρρηγνὺς ἐς τὴν θάλατταν3.52); of wind, Plu.Fab.16: metaph., “ πόλεμος κατερράγηAr.Eq.644, cf. Ach.528; “γέλωςPh.2.528; “κρότοςPlb.18.46.9 (but “κατερρήγνυτο πᾶς τόπος ὑπὸ τοῦ κρότου15.32.9); “βροντήLuc.VH2.35.
3. to be broken in pieces, Αἴγυπτος μελάγγαιός τε καὶ καταρρηγνυμένη with comminuted, crumbling soil, Hdt.2.12; “γῆ κατερρωγυῖαArist.HA556a5; to be ruinous, “ὅσα κατέρρωγεν τοῦ τείχουςIG22.463.75.
4. Medic., have a violent discharge, suffer from diarrhoea, “καταρρήγνυται κοιλίηHp.VM10, cf. “καταρράσσω11; of persons, “κατερρήγνυντο τὰς γαστέραςApp.Hisp.54; “ἢν μὴ φῦσαι -ρραγέωσινHp.Aph.4.73.
b. of menstruation, τοῖς θήλεσιν . . τὰ καταμήνια κ. Arist.HA581b1.
5. of tumours, break, burst, Hp.Coac.613, Epid. 6.8.18, al.
6. of parts of the body, fall in, collapse, οἵ τε μαζοὶ καὶ τὰ ἄλλα μέλεα κ. Id.Nat.Puer.30, cf. Mul.1.1; κατερρωγότα τὰ στέρνα [ἔχων] flat-chested, Jul.Or.6.198a; of the lips or tongue, to be fissured, Antyll. ap. Orib.10.27.13, Aët.5.118.
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hide References (26 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (26):
    • Aristophanes, Knights, 644
    • Demosthenes, Against Midias, 63
    • Euripides, Alcestis, 1068
    • Euripides, Heracles, 864
    • Herodotus, Histories, 2.12
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.87
    • Herodotus, Histories, 3.111
    • Herodotus, Histories, 4.201
    • Herodotus, Histories, 7.23
    • Herodotus, Histories, 8.99
    • Sophocles, Antigone, 675
    • Strabo, Geography, 5.2.6
    • Thucydides, Histories, 4.115
    • Xenophon, Cyropaedia, 3.1.13
    • Polybius, Histories, 15.32.9
    • Polybius, Histories, 18.46.9
    • Aristophanes, Acharnians, 528
    • Hippocrates, De prisca medicina, 10
    • Hippocrates, De prisca medicina, 11
    • Hippocrates, Aphorismi, 4.73
    • Plutarch, Fabius Maximus, 16
    • Athenaeus, of Naucratis, Deipnosophistae, 11.2
    • Lucian, Piscator, 36
    • Diodorus, Historical Library, 19.34
    • Philostratus the Athenian, Life of Apollonius of Tyana, 3.52
    • Philostratus the Athenian, Life of Apollonius of Tyana, 6.23
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