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καῦμα , ατος, τό, (καίω)
A.burning heat, esp. of the sun, καύματος ἔξ after sun-heat, Il.5.865, cf. Hes.Op.415,588, Alc.39, S.Ant.417, Epinic.1.10, etc.; πρὶν ἂν τὸ κ. παρέλθῃ the heat of the day, Pl.Phdr. 242a, cf. Ti.70d; “ἐὰν κ.Arist.Mete.342b10: freq. in pl., “ἡλίου τε καύμασινS.OC350, cf. Hdt.3.104, X.Cyn.5.9, etc.; [“τόποι] ὑπὸ καυμάτων διαφθειρόμενοιIsoc.11.12; “καύματα καὶ χειμῶνεςPhld.Piet.87: in pl., also of frost, Ath.3.98b, Luc.Lex.2.
2. fever heat, Th.2.49; of inflamed conditions, Hp.VM19, Aph.7.13: metaph., of love, “κ. ἀρσενικόνAP12.87.
II. in pl., holes burnt by cautery, Hp.Art.11, Arist.Pr.863a31.
III. brand on cattle, IG7.3171.44 (Orchom. Boeot.).
IV. embers of sacrifices, Pl.Criti.12od.
V. firewood, PLond.3.1166.6, al. (i A.D.).
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hide References (16 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (16):
    • Herodotus, Histories, 3.104
    • Hesiod, Works and Days, 415
    • Hesiod, Works and Days, 588
    • Homer, Iliad, 5.865
    • Isocrates, Busiris, 12
    • Plato, Phaedrus, 242a
    • Plato, Timaeus, 70d
    • Sophocles, Antigone, 1.10
    • Sophocles, Antigone, 417
    • Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, 350
    • Thucydides, Histories, 2.49
    • Xenophon, On Hunting, 5.9
    • Hippocrates, De articulis, 11
    • Hippocrates, De prisca medicina, 19
    • Hippocrates, Aphorismi, 7.13
    • Lucian, Lexiphanes, 2
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