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κύων [υ^], and , both in Hom., the masc. more freq., gen. κυ^νός, dat.κυ^νί, acc.κύνα, voc.
A.κύονIl.8.423, “κύωνArchipp.6: pl., nom.κύνες, gen.κυνῶν, dat.“κυσίIl.17.272, al., Ep.“κύνεσσι1.4, acc.κύνας:—dog, bitch, Hom., etc.; of shepherds' dogs, Il.10.183, 12.303; watch-dogs, 22.66; but in Hom. more freq. of hounds, Il.8.338, al.; “κυσὶ θηρευτῇσι11.325; “κύνε εἰδότε θήρης10.360; later, when of hounds, mostly in fem., S.Aj.8, E.Hipp.18, etc.; “κ. ΛάκαιναPi.Fr.106, S.l.c., X. Cyn.10.1, cf. Arist.HA608a27, al.; Μολοττικαὶ κ. Alexis Hist. ap. Ath.12.54od, etc.; but “ἸνδικοίArist.GA746a34, cf. Hdt.1.192: prov., κυσὶν πεινῶσιν οὐχὶ βρώσιμα 'not fit for a dog', Com.Adesp.1205.4; “χεῖρον ἐρεθίσαι γραῦν κύναMen.802; κύνα δέρειν δεδαρμένην 'flog a dead horse', Pherecr.179; κ. κατακειμένη ἐν τῇ φάτνῃ 'dog in the manger', Luc.Ind.30, al.; χαλεπὸν χορίω κύνα γεῦσαι it's ill to let a dog 'taste blood', Theoc.10.11; νή or μὰ τὸν κύνα was a favourite oath of Socrates, Pl.Ap.22a (cf. Sch.), Grg.482b; used familiarly at Athens, Ar.V.83; οἷς ἦν μέγιστος ὅρκος . . κύων, ἔπειτα χήν: θεοὺς δ᾽ ἐσίγων, of primitive men, Cratin.231.
II. as a word of reproach, freq. in Hom. of women, to denote shamelessness or audacity; applied by Helen to herself, Il.6.344, 356; by Iris to Athena, 8.423; by Hera to Artemis, 21.481: of the maids in the house of Odysseus, Od.18.338, al.: later, in a coarse sense, Ar.V.1402; ῥαψῳδὸς κ., of the Sphinx, S.OT391, cf.A.Fr.236 (lyr.); of men, “κακαὶ κ.Il.13.623; implying recklessness, 8.299, 527, Od.17.248, 22.35; also of offensive persons, compared to yapping dogs, LXX Ps.21(22).17, Ep.Phil.3.2; κ. λαίθαργος, = λαθροδήκτης, metaph., of a person, S.Fr.885, cf. E. Fr.555: prov., “μὴ δῶτε τὸ ἅγιον τοῖς κ.Ev.Matt.7.6.
2. metaph., of persons, watch-dog, guardian, τῶν σταθμῶν κ., of Agamemnon, A. Ag.896; δωμάτων κ., of Clytemnestra, ib.607, cf. Ar.Eq.1023.
3. of the Cynics, “ἀρέσκει τούτοις κυνῶν μεταμφιέννυσθαι βίονPhld.Sto.Herc. 339.8: hence, Cynic philosopher, Arist.Rh.1411a24, AP7.65 (Antip.), 413 (Id.), Plu.2.717c, Ath.5.216b, Epigr. ap. D.L.6.19, 60, Baillet Inscriptions des tombeaux des rois 172.
III. freq. in Mythology of the servants, agents or watchers of the gods, Διὸς πτηνὸς κύων, of the eagle, A.Pr.1022, cf. Ag.136 (lyr.), S.Fr.884; of the griffins, “Ζηνὸς ἀκραγεῖς κ.A.Pr.803; of the Furies, “μετάδρομοι . . πανουργημάτων ἄφυκτοι κ.S.El.1388 (lyr.), cf. A.Ch.924, E.Fr.383; Pan is the κύων of Cybele, Pi.Fr.96: Pythag., Περσεφόνης κύνες, of the planets, Arist. Fr.196: so Com., Ἡφαίστου κ., of sparks, Alex.149.16; of various mythical beings, as Cerberus, “κ. ἈΐδαοIl.8.368, cf. Od.11.623, X. An.6.2.2; Harpies, A.R.2.289; of Hecate, in Mithraic worship, Porph.Abst.4.16; of the “Βάκχαι, Λύσσας κ.E.Ba.977 (lyr.); Λέρνας κ., of the hydra, Id.HF420 (lyr.); of a great fish, “Τρίτωνος κ.Lyc. 34.
IV. dog-fish or shark, Od.12.96, cf. Epich.68, Cratin.161, Arist.HA566a31; κ. ἄγριος, κ. γαλεός and κ. κεντρίτης or κεντρίνη, Opp.H.1.373, Ael.NA1.55; ξιφίας κ., of the sword-fish, Anaxipp. 2.3.
V. = σείριος (q.v.), dog-star, i.e. the hound of Orion, Il.22.29; in full, “σειρίου κυνὸς δίκηνS.Fr.803, cf. A.Ag.967; “κυνὸς ψυχρὰν δύσινS.Fr.432.11; “πρὸ τοῦ κυνόςEup.147; μετὰ κυνὸς ἐπιτολήν, περὶ κ. ., Arist.Mete.361b35, HA602a26; ἐπὶ κυνί ib.600a4, Syngr. ap. D. 35.13; “ὑπὸ κύναArist.HA547a14, D.S.19.109; “περὶ κύναThphr.CP 3.3.3; “μετὰ κύναId.HP1.9.5; also of the whole constellation, Arat. 327, Gal.17(1).17.
VI. the ace, the worst throw at dice, Poll.9.100, Eust.1289.63.
VII. frenum praeputii, Antyll. ap. Orib.50.3.1: with pun on the prov. ap.Pherecr.l.c. (supr. 1), Ar.Lys.158: with pun on signf.v, AP5.104 (Marc. Arg.).
VIII. fetlock of a horse, Hippiatr. 77.
IX. unilateral facial paralysis, Gal.8.573.
X. = ἀπομαγδαλία, Dsc. ap. Eust.1857.19.
XI. ξυλίνη κ., = κυνόσβατος, Orac. ap. Did ap.Ath.2.70c.
XII. piece in the game of πόλεις, Cratin.56.3 (dub.). (Cf. Skt. śvā, gen. śúnas, Lith. šuõ, gen. šuñs, Lat. canis, Goth. hunds (κύων), etc.)
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hide References (53 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (53):
    • Aeschylus, Agamemnon, 136
    • Aeschylus, Agamemnon, 607
    • Aeschylus, Agamemnon, 896
    • Aeschylus, Agamemnon, 967
    • Aeschylus, Libation Bearers, 924
    • Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound, 1022
    • Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound, 803
    • Aristophanes, Knights, 1023
    • Aristophanes, Wasps, 1402
    • Aristophanes, Wasps, 83
    • Demosthenes, Against Lacritus, 13
    • Euripides, Bacchae, 977
    • Euripides, Heracles, 420
    • Euripides, Hippolytus, 18
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.192
    • Homer, Iliad, 10.183
    • Homer, Iliad, 10.360
    • Homer, Iliad, 11.325
    • Homer, Iliad, 12.303
    • Homer, Iliad, 13.623
    • Homer, Iliad, 17.272
    • Homer, Iliad, 1.4
    • Homer, Iliad, 21.481
    • Homer, Iliad, 22.29
    • Homer, Iliad, 22.66
    • Homer, Iliad, 6.344
    • Homer, Iliad, 8.299
    • Homer, Iliad, 8.338
    • Homer, Iliad, 8.368
    • Homer, Iliad, 8.423
    • Homer, Odyssey, 11.623
    • Homer, Odyssey, 12.96
    • Homer, Odyssey, 17.248
    • Homer, Odyssey, 18.338
    • Homer, Odyssey, 22.35
    • New Testament, Matthew, 7.6
    • New Testament, Philippians, 3.2
    • Plato, Apology, 22a
    • Plato, Gorgias, 482b
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 8
    • Sophocles, Electra, 1388
    • Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus, 391
    • Xenophon, Anabasis, 6.2.2
    • Xenophon, On Hunting, 10.1
    • Sophocles, Ichneutae, 432.11
    • Sophocles, Ichneutae, 803
    • Sophocles, Ichneutae, 884
    • Sophocles, Ichneutae, 885
    • Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica, 2.289
    • Aristophanes, Lysistrata, 158
    • Lucian, Adversus indoctum et libros multos ementem, 30
    • Diodorus, Historical Library, 19.109
    • Aelian, De Natura Animalium, 1.55
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