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λῆμα , ατος, τό, (λῶ)
A.will, desire, purpose, Epich.182 (prob.l.): concrete, λ. Κορωνίδος wilful Coronis, Pi.P.3.25; μητρῷον λ. thy proud mother, S.El.1427; λήματος κάκη weakness of will, cowardice, A.Th.616; “ἥκιστα τοὐμὸν λ. ἔφυ τυραννικόνE.Med.348; “ἐς τὸ κέρδος λ. ἔχων ἀνειμένονId.Heracl.3, cf. 199, Alc.981 (lyr.), Ba.1000 (lyr.).
II. temper of mind, spirit, either,
1. in good sense, courage, resolution, “εὔτολμον ψυχῆς λ.Simon.140; “γενναῖον λ.Pi.P. 8.45, cf. N.1.57; αἴθων λ. fiery in courage, A.Th.448; “δύο λήμασιν ἴσους ἈτρεΐδαςId.Ag.122 (lyr.); τοξουλκῷ λήματι πιστοί relying on their archer spirit, Id.Pers.55 (anap.); “ἀρείφατον λ.Id.Fr.147; “πέτρας τὸ λ. κἀδάμαντοςE.Cyc.596; “λ. οὐκ ἄτολμονAr.Nu.457 (lyr.); “καθ᾽ Ἡρακλέα . . τὸ λ. ἔχωνId.Ra.463; or,
2. in bad sense, insolence, arrogance, audacity, “ὅσον λ. ἔχων ἀφίκουS.OC877 (lyr.); λῆμ᾽ ἀναιδές ib.960; “δῆλον . . τἀνθρώπου᾽ στι τὸ λῆμαAr.Nu.1350 (lyr.).— Poet. word, also used in Ion. Prose, in signf. spirit, courage, “ἔργα χειρῶν τε καὶ λήματοςHdt.5.72; λήματος πλέος ib.111, cf. 7.99, 9.62: and in late Prose, as D.S.2.58 (pl.), J.BJ3.10.4, Luc.Dem.Enc.50, etc.; defined by Andronic.Pass.p.575 M.
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hide References (21 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (21):
    • Aeschylus, Persians, 55
    • Aeschylus, Seven Against Thebes, 448
    • Aeschylus, Seven Against Thebes, 616
    • Aristophanes, Clouds, 457
    • Aristophanes, Frogs, 463
    • Euripides, Alcestis, 981
    • Euripides, Bacchae, 1000
    • Euripides, Cyclops, 596
    • Euripides, Heraclidae, 3
    • Euripides, Heraclidae, 199
    • Euripides, Medea, 348
    • Herodotus, Histories, 9.62
    • Herodotus, Histories, 5.72
    • Herodotus, Histories, 7.99
    • Flavius Josephus, The Jewish War, 3.10.4
    • Sophocles, Electra, 1427
    • Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, 877
    • Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, 960
    • Aeschylus, Agamemnon, 122
    • Aristophanes, Clouds, 1350
    • Diodorus, Historical Library, 2.58
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