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μάθ-ημα , ατος, τό, (μαθεῖν)
A.that which is learnt, lesson, “τὰ παθήματα μαθήματαHdt.1.207; “μ. μαθεῖνS.Ph.918; μ. τινός or περί τι, Pl.Smp.211 c, R.525d; “προσπορεύεται πρὸς τὰ λοιπὰ μ.PCair.Zen.60.7 (iii B. C.); “ἀφεῖσθαι τοὺς παῖδας ἀπὸ τῶν μ.SIG577.77 (Milet., iii/ii B. C.), cf. 578.28 (Teos, ii B. C.), al.
2. learning, knowledge, Ar.Nu.1231, Av.380, Th.2.39, PSI1.94.9 (ii A. D.), etc.; οἱ καθιστάμενοι ἐπὶ τῶν μ. educational authorities, SIG578.66 (Teos, ii B. C.); τὸ μ. τὸ περὶ τὰς τάξεις the science of tactics, Pl.La.182b: freq. in pl., Isoc.12.27, etc.; “μαθημάτων φρόντιζε μᾶλλον χρημάτων: τὰ γὰρ μαθήματ᾽ εὐπορεῖ τὰ χρήματαPhilem. 232.
3. esp. the mathematical sciences, Archyt.1,3 tit.; τρία μ., i. e. arithmetic, geometry, and astronomy, acc. to Pl.Lg.817e, cf. Phld. Ind.Sto.66; later τὰ τέσσαρα μ. ἁρμονική being added) Theol.Ar.17; Arist. distd. pure from mixed “μ., τὰ φυσικώτερα τῶν μ., οἷον ὀπτικὴ καὶ ἁρμονικὴ καὶ ἀστρονομίαPh. 194a8; “ ἐν τοῖς μ. ἁρμονικήMetaph.997b21; “τὰ μ. περὶ τὰ εἴδη ἐστίνAPo.79a7; οἱ ἀπὸ τῶν μ. mathematicians, Cleom.1.8.
4. astrology, AP7.687 (Pall.).
5. creed, Cod.Just., al.
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  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (10):
    • Aristophanes, Birds, 380
    • Aristophanes, Clouds, 1231
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.207
    • Isocrates, Panathenaicus, 27
    • Plato, Laws, 817e
    • Plato, Republic, 525d
    • Plato, Symposium, 211
    • Plato, Laches, 182b
    • Sophocles, Philoctetes, 918
    • Thucydides, Histories, 2.39
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