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μήτηρ , Dor. μάτηρ , : though parox. in nom., it follows πατήρ in the accent of the obliq. cases, gen. μητερος contr. μητρός, dat. μητέρι, μητρί, both forms being found in Hom., but the longer forms rarely in Trag. exc. lyr., as
A.ματέροςA.Supp.539; “ματέριS.OC1481; μητέρος in iambics, E.HF843, Or.580, Rh.393: acc. always μητέρα, μητέρας: voc. μῆτερ:—mother, Il.1.351, etc.; of animals, dam, 17.4, Od.10.414; of a mother-bird, Il.2.313; of queen bees, Arist.HA553a29, etc.; ἀπὸ ματρὸς φίλας, ἐκ ματρός, from one's mother's womb, Pi.P.5.114, A.Ch. 422 (lyr.): in pl., mother and grandmother, Plu.Agis9; as an address to elderly women, “ μῆτερD.S.17.37, cf. Theoc.15.60, etc.: in titles, μ. πατρίδος, = Mater Patriae, D.C.58.2; μ. τῶν ἀηττήτων στρατοπέδων, = Mater invictorum castrorum, of Julia Domna, BGU362 xi 16 (iii A.D.).
2. of lands, μ. μήλων, θηρῶν, mother of flocks, of game, Il. 2.696,8.47, etc.; freq. of Earth, “γῆ πάντων μ.Hes.Op.563; “πὰρ μέσον ὀμφαλὸν εὐδένδροιο . . ματέροςPi.P.4.74; “γῆ μήτηρA.Th.16, etc.; “ γαῖα μῆτερE.Hipp.601; Μήτηρ, = Δημήτηρ, τῇ Μητρὶ καὶ τῇ Κούρῃ ὁρτὴν ἄγουσι Hdt.8.65; also of Rhea, Pi.P.3.78; “ Πὰν . . , Ματρὸς μεγάλας ὀπαδέId.Fr.95, cf. E.Hel.1355 (lyr.); “μ. ὀρείαAr.Av.746 (lyr.); “Γαλλαὶ μητρὸς ὀρείης φιλόθυρσοι δρομάδεςLyr.Adesp.121; M. “θεῶνSIG1044.8 (Halic., iv B.C.); as title of Isis, PPetr.3p.2 (cf. p.xi) (iii B.C.).
II. poet., the origin or source of events, μ. ἀέθλων, of Olympia, Pi.O.8.1; “πειθαρχία γὰρ τῆς εὐπραξίας μ.A.Th.225; “ γνώμη κακῶν μ.S.Ph.1361; of night, as the mother of day, A.Ag.265; the grape of wine, Id.Pers.614, cf. E. Alc.757; “ματέρ᾽ οἰνάνθας ὀπώρανPi.N.5.6; Aphrodite of the Loves, Id.Fr.122.4; φάτις μᾶτερ αἰσχύνας ἐμᾶς, of a rumour, S.Aj.174 (lyr.): also in Prose, “γεωργίαν τῶν ἄλλων τεχνῶν μητέραX.Oec.5.17; πολιτειῶν μητέρες δύο (sc. μοναρχία and δημοκρατία) Pl.Lg.693d. (Cf. Lat.mater, OE. módor, etc.)
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  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (31):
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