A. as Conj., and not (Ep. also, but not), nor, connecting two whole clauses, used with the same constructions as “μή, μή τι σὺ ταῦτα . . διείρεο μηδὲ μετάλλα” Il.1.550, etc.: without a neg. preceding, 4.302, etc.; “τεκνοῦσθαι, μηδ᾽ ἄπαιδα θνῄσκειν” A.Ag.754 (lyr.), cf. Eu.714, Supp.409; “ὕδατος, μελίσσης, μηδὲ προσφέρειν μέθυ” S.OC481, cf. Th.7.77.
2. in μηδέ . . μηδέ . . the first μ. may belong to μηδέ A, e.g. Il.4.303 sq., or to μηδέ B, e.g. Pl.R.391c; “μήτε . . μηδέ” Pi.I.2.45, Pl.Prt.327d; but μήτε cannot follow μηδέ:—for μηδέ after οὐδέ, v. οὐ A.11.3.
B. as Adv., joined with a single word or phrase, not even, not either, Il.21.375, Od.4.710, etc.; repeated emphatically, μηδ᾽ ὅντινα γαστέρι μήτηρ κοῦρον ἐόντα φέροι μηδ᾽ ὃς φύγοι let not the babe unborn —no let not even it escape, Il.6.58; “τὸ μήποτ᾽ αὖθις μηδ᾽ ἀναστῆναι” A. Ag.569:—for μηδέ τι v. μήτις.