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μηδέ , (μή, δέ) neg. Particle (cf. οὐδέ):
A. as Conj., and not (Ep. also, but not), nor, connecting two whole clauses, used with the same constructions as “μή, μή τι σὺ ταῦτα . . διείρεο μηδὲ μετάλλαIl.1.550, etc.: without a neg. preceding, 4.302, etc.; “τεκνοῦσθαι, μηδ᾽ ἄπαιδα θνῄσκεινA.Ag.754 (lyr.), cf. Eu.714, Supp.409; “ὕδατος, μελίσσης, μηδὲ προσφέρειν μέθυS.OC481, cf. Th.7.77.
2. in μηδέ . . μηδέ . . the first μ. may belong to μηδέ A, e.g. Il.4.303 sq., or to μηδέ B, e.g. Pl.R.391c; “μήτε . . μηδέPi.I.2.45, Pl.Prt.327d; but μήτε cannot follow μηδέ:—for μηδέ after οὐδέ, v. οὐ A.11.3.
B. as Adv., joined with a single word or phrase, not even, not either, Il.21.375, Od.4.710, etc.; repeated emphatically, μηδ᾽ ὅντινα γαστέρι μήτηρ κοῦρον ἐόντα φέροι μηδ᾽ ὃς φύγοι let not the babe unborn —no let not even it escape, Il.6.58; “τὸ μήποτ᾽ αὖθις μηδ᾽ ἀναστῆναιA. Ag.569:—for μηδέ τι v. μήτις.
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hide References (14 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (14):
    • Aeschylus, Agamemnon, 569
    • Aeschylus, Agamemnon, 754
    • Aeschylus, Eumenides, 714
    • Aeschylus, Suppliant Maidens, 409
    • Homer, Iliad, 1.550
    • Homer, Iliad, 21.375
    • Homer, Iliad, 4.302
    • Homer, Iliad, 4.303
    • Homer, Iliad, 6.58
    • Homer, Odyssey, 4.710
    • Plato, Republic, 391c
    • Plato, Protagoras, 327d
    • Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, 481
    • Thucydides, Histories, 7.77
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