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μητρό-πολις , Dor. ματρό- , poet. μητρόπτολις , Epigr.Gr.537.4 (Tomi), 842a1 (Cyrene), Syria7.209 (Damascus), Nonn.D.13.166: εως, :—
A.mother-state, as related to her colonies, of Athens in relation to the Ionians, Hdt.7.51, Th.6.82; of Doris in relation to the Peloponn. Dorians, Hdt.8.31, Th.1.107, 3.92; of Meroe in relation to the Ethiopians, Hdt.2.29; of Thera, “μεγαλᾶν πολίων μ.Pi.P.4.20; “μ. Λοκρῶν ὈπόειςSimon.93; of the Attic Salamis, as the μ. of the Cyprian, A.Pers.895(lyr.); of Corinth, as the μ. of Corcyra, Th.1.24; of Rome, Gal.14.296.
II. one's mother-city, mothercountry, home, Pi.N.5.8, S.OC707 (lyr.), Ant.1122 (lyr.).
2. σὰ ματρόπολις thy mother's city, Isyll.59.
III. capital city, X.An.5.2.3, 5.4.15; μ. τῆς Ἀσίας, of Ephesus, OGI496.6, IG3.485; μ. τῆς Ἰωνίας, of Miletus, ib.480.
b. in Egypt, chief town of a νομός, PRev.Laws 48.16 (iii B. C.), BGU326 ii 10 (ii A. D.), etc.
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  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (13):
    • Aeschylus, Persians, 895
    • Herodotus, Histories, 2.29
    • Herodotus, Histories, 7.51
    • Herodotus, Histories, 8.31
    • Sophocles, Antigone, 1122
    • Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, 707
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.107
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.24
    • Thucydides, Histories, 6.82
    • Xenophon, Anabasis, 5.2.3
    • Xenophon, Anabasis, 5.4.15
    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.92
    • Diodorus, Historical Library, 1.2
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