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μοχθ-ηρός , ά, όν, also ός, όν E.Fr.875: (μοχθέω):—
2. in bad condition, “βοῦςAr.Eq.316; “ἱμάτιονCratin.207; “μοχθηρότερα ἀποδιδόντες παρέλαβον τὰ ἱμάτιαPl.Men.91e; καταλαβὼν μοχθηρὰ τὰ πράγματα finding trade in a bad state, D.34.8; “μ. ἐλπίδας ἔχεινDin. 1.107; “μ. τραγῳδίαArist.Metaph.1090b20; “ὕδαταId.Pr.872a10; “χρόαId.HA616b12; “ἀγωγήPTeb.24.57 (ii B. C.); of persons, inferior, μ. (v.l. πονηρ-)“ ἰατρόςAntipho 4.2.4; also, of appearance, μοχθηρὸς τὴν ἰδέαν ugly, And.1.100; of arguments, unsound, fallacious, S.E.P.2.111; of persons, mistaken, Anon.Lond.27.24: so in Adv. -“ρῶς, κρίνομενS.E.M.7.210.
II. most freq. of persons, in moral sense, knavish, rascally, Th.8.73, etc.; “ἐκ χρηστῶν καὶ γενναίων μοχθηροτάτους ἀπέδειξαςAr.Ra.1011, cf. Pl.Men.91e; “τοὺς τρόπους μ.Ar.Pl.1003; of acts, etc., “μ. τι πράσσεινTrag.Adesp.510; “ὑφοψία μ.OGI315.58 (Pessinus, ii B. C.); “ῥῆμα μ.SIG1175.5 (Piraeus, iv/iii B. C.); “μοχθηρότερα λεγόντωνX.HG1.4.13 (v.l. -ότερον Adv. Comp.).—Some Gramm. write μόχθηρος, πόνηρος in signf. 1, μοχθηρός, πονηρός in signf. 11, Ammon.Diff.p.94 V., Arc.71.16, but Hdn.Gr.1.197 (ap.Eust.341.14) argues that like other Adjs. in -ρος these words ought to be oxyt. in both senses. In the voc. the best codd. always give μόχθηρε, Ar.Ach. 165,Ra.1175, Pl.391; cf. πονηρός.
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  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (21):
    • Aeschylus, Libation Bearers, 752
    • Aeschylus, Seven Against Thebes, 257
    • Andocides, On the Mysteries, 100
    • Antiphon, Third Tetralogy, 2.4
    • Aristophanes, Acharnians, 165
    • Aristophanes, Frogs, 1011
    • Aristophanes, Frogs, 1175
    • Aristophanes, Knights, 316
    • Aristophanes, Plutus, 1003
    • Aristophanes, Plutus, 391
    • Demosthenes, Against Phormio, 8
    • Herodotus, Histories, 7.46
    • Plato, Republic, 343e
    • Plato, Phaedrus, 268e
    • Plato, Gorgias, 505a
    • Plato, Gorgias, 504e
    • Plato, Meno, 91e
    • Sophocles, Philoctetes, 254
    • Thucydides, Histories, 8.73
    • Xenophon, Hellenica, 1
    • Xenophon, Hellenica, 1.4.13
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