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ὅταν , for ὅτ᾽ ἄν ὅτε ἄν) as sts. in codd.: Adv. of Time,
A.whenever, with a conditional force, so as nearly to = ἐάν (v. “εἰB. II), referring to an indef. future (cf. “ὅτεA. I. IC), Il.1.519, etc.; also of events like ly to recur, 2.397, IG12.97.9, etc.: also in Ep. “ὅτε κενIl.1.567, 6.225: strengthd., “. περS.OC301, Pl.R.565a, 565d: repeated for rhet. effect, “. ὡς ὑβρίζων, . ὡς ἐχθρὸς ὑπάρχων, . κονδύλοις, . ἐπὶ κόρρηςD.21.72.
b. later causal, since, ὅταν . . since it is, Arist.Mu.395a19, cf. D.Chr.7.105, Porph.Gaur.11.2; in earlier examples the application to the particular case is less directly expressed, καὶ τοῦτο τυφλὸν ὅταν ἐγὼ βλέπω βραχύ this too (viz. my staff) is blind when I am (= when its owner is) short-sighted, E.Ion 744, cf. S.Aj.137 (anap.), Pl.Sph.241a, Din.3.9.
2. never with ind. in early authors, exc. in Od.10.410, ὡς δ᾽ ὅταν . . σκαίρουσι (s. v. l.); in 24.88, ὅτε κεν . . ζώννυνταί τε νέοι καὶ ἐπεντύνονται ἄεθλα; and in Il.12.41, ὡς δ᾽ ὅτ᾽ ἂν ἔν τε κύνεσσι καὶ ἀνδράσι . . στοέφεται ἔναντα κύνεσσι cj. Monro): but freq. in LXX with impf. ind., as “ὅταν εἰσήρχετοGe.38.9, cf. Plb.4.32.5, Ev.Marc.3.11: also with aor. ind., LXX Ex.16.3, Apoc.8.1: with fut. ind., “ὅταν ἕξουσιApollod.Poliorc.187.12; ὅταν ὄψεσθε (v.l. ὄψησθε) Ev.Luc. 13.28: with pres. ind., “ὅταν δείκνυταιStr.12.3.27 (s. v.l.): generally, ὅταν supersedes ὅτε in Hellenistic Greek.
3. never with opt. in early authors, exc. in orat. obliq., where in orat. recta the subj. with ὅταν would have stood, as perh. A.Pers.450 may be expld. (ὅτ᾽ ἐκνεῶν Elmsl.); ὅτε κεν folld. by ἵκοι, Il.9.525.
II. Special usages:
1. to introduce a simile, 10.5, Od.5.394.
2. πρίν γ᾽ ., = πρίν γε . (v. “ὅτεA. 11.2), 2.374.
3. εἰς ὅτε κεν until such time as . . , ib.99, 19.144.
4. . τάχιστα, Lat. cum primum, Ar.Th.1205, X.Cyr.4.5.33; “. πρῶτονPl.Ly.211b. [ὅτα_ν only in later Poetry, Lyr.Alex. Adesp.37.17.]
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hide References (29 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (29):
    • Aeschylus, Persians, 450
    • Aristophanes, Thesmophoriazusae, 1205
    • Demosthenes, Against Midias, 72
    • Euripides, Ion, 744
    • Homer, Iliad, 10.5
    • Homer, Iliad, 12.41
    • Homer, Iliad, 1.519
    • Homer, Iliad, 2.397
    • Homer, Iliad, 6.225
    • Homer, Iliad, 9.525
    • Homer, Iliad, 1.567
    • Homer, Odyssey, 24.88
    • Homer, Odyssey, 10.410
    • New Testament, Mark, 3.11
    • New Testament, Revelation, 8.1
    • Old Testament, Genesis, 38.9
    • New Testament, Luke, 13.28
    • Plato, Republic, 565a
    • Plato, Republic, 565d
    • Plato, Sophist, 241a
    • Plato, Lysis, 211b
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 137
    • Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, 301
    • Strabo, Geography, 12.3.27
    • Xenophon, Cyropaedia, 4.5.33
    • Homer, Odyssey, 5.394
    • Polybius, Histories, 4.32.5
    • Old Testament, Exodus, 16.3
    • Dio Chrysostom, Orationes, 7.105
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