previous next
ὅτι^ , Ep. ὅττι^ (both in Hom.): Conj., to introduce an objective clause,
A.that, after Verbs of seeing or knowing, thinking or saying; in Hom. freq. strengthd. ὅτι ῥα, and ὅτι δή:—Usage:
I. when ὅτι introduces a statement of fact:
a. in Hom. always with ind., the tense following the same rules as in English, “ἤγγειλ᾽ ὅττι ῥά οἱ πόσις ἔκτοθι μίμνε πυλάωνIl.22.439.
2. when ὅτι introduces a conditional sentence, the Constr. after ὅτι is the same as in independent conditional sentences, εἴ τις ἔροιτο, καθ᾽ ὁποίους νόμους δεῖ πολιτεύεσθαι, δῆλον ὅτι ἀποκρίναισθ᾽ ἄν . . it is manifest that you would answer . . , D.46.12, cf. X.Mem.1.6.12.
II. ὅτι is freq. inserted pleon. in introducing a quotation (where we use no Conj. and put inverted commas), λόγον τόνδε ἐκφαίνει Πρωτεύς, λέγων ὅτι ἐγὼ εἰ μὴ περὶ πολλοῦ ἡγεύμην . . Hdt.2.115; καὶ ἐγὼ εἶπον, . αὐτή μοι ἀρχή ἐστι . . Pl.Prt.318a, cf. 356a, 361a, etc.; even where the quotation consists of one word, ib.330c, Men.74b, 74c.
2. . is also used pleon. with the inf. and acc. (cf. “ὡςB. I.I), εἶπον ὅτι πρῶτον ἐμὲ χρῆναι πειραθῆναι κατ᾽ ἐμαυτόν (which is in fact a mixture of two constrr.) Id.Lg. 892d, cf. Phd.63c, X.HG2.2.2, etc.; but ὅτι has freq. been wrongly inserted by the copyists, as if εἶπεν or λέγουσιν must be followed by it, as in Th.4.37 (om. Pap.), X.Cyr.5.4.1, etc.
2. what we make the subject of the Verb which follows ὅτι freq. stands in the preceding clause, Αυκάονας δὲ καὶ αὐτοὶ εἴδομεν, ὅτι . . καρποῦνται (for εἴδομεν, ὅτι Λυκάονες καρποῦνται) X.An.3.2.23, cf. 3.2.29, etc.
IV. ὅτι sts.= with regard to the fact that, “ὅτι . . οὔ φησι . . ὄνομα εἶναι, ὑποπτεύω αὐτὸν σκώπτεινPl.Cra.384c, cf. Prt.330e, etc.
2. for ὅτι μή, v. τι 11.
b. folld. by τί, ὅτι τί; why? (lit. because why?) D.23.214; ὅτι τί δή; Ar.Pl.136, Luc.Dem.Enc.22; ὅτι δὴ τί μάλιστα; Pl.R.343a; ὅτι δὴ τί γε; Id.Chrm.161c; cf. ὁτιή.
2. seeing that, in giving the reason for saying what is said, γλαυκὴ δέ σε τίκτε θάλασσα . . ὅτι τοι νόος ἐστὶν ἀπηνής as is proved by the fact that . . , Il.16.35, cf. 21.488, Od.22.36. [The last syll. is never elided in Att., prob. to avoid confusion with ὅτε: in Hom. ὅτ᾽ τ᾽) prob. always represents ὅτε τε): there are no examples of ὅττ᾽: hiatus after ὅτι is permitted in Com., Ar.Lys.611, Ach.516.]
hide Dictionary Entry Lookup
Use this tool to search for dictionary entries in all lexica.
Search for in
How to enter text in Greek:
hide References (56 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (56):
    • Aeschines, Against Ctesiphon, 231
    • Andocides, On the Mysteries, 75
    • Aristophanes, Plutus, 136
    • Aristophanes, Plutus, 88
    • Demosthenes, Against Aristocrates, 214
    • Demosthenes, Against Stephanus 2, 12
    • Herodotus, Histories, 2.115
    • Homer, Iliad, 14.407
    • Homer, Iliad, 16.35
    • Homer, Iliad, 1.56
    • Homer, Iliad, 21.488
    • Homer, Iliad, 22.439
    • Homer, Iliad, 5.326
    • Homer, Iliad, 9.76
    • Homer, Odyssey, 22.36
    • Plato, Republic, 343a
    • Plato, Apology, 23b
    • Plato, Phaedo, 59e
    • Plato, Phaedo, 61b
    • Plato, Cratylus, 384c
    • Plato, Theaetetus, 157b
    • Plato, Symposium, 179b
    • Plato, Charmides, 161c
    • Plato, Gorgias, 450e
    • Plato, Gorgias, 475c
    • Plato, Gorgias, 486a
    • Plato, Protagoras, 318a
    • Plato, Protagoras, 330c
    • Plato, Protagoras, 330e
    • Plato, Protagoras, 336d
    • Plato, Protagoras, 356a
    • Plato, Protagoras, 361a
    • Plato, Meno, 74b
    • Plato, Meno, 74c
    • Sophocles, Antigone, 276
    • Sophocles, Antigone, 758
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.102
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.114
    • Thucydides, Histories, 2.13
    • Thucydides, Histories, 2.97
    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.25
    • Thucydides, Histories, 4.14
    • Thucydides, Histories, 4.37
    • Thucydides, Histories, 5.61
    • Xenophon, Anabasis, 1.2.21
    • Xenophon, Anabasis, 2.1.3
    • Xenophon, Anabasis, 2.2.15
    • Xenophon, Anabasis, 3.2.23
    • Xenophon, Anabasis, 3.2.29
    • Xenophon, Cyropaedia, 1.3.13
    • Xenophon, Cyropaedia, 5.4.1
    • Xenophon, Hellenica, 2.2.2
    • Xenophon, Memorabilia, 1.6.12
    • Xenophon, Memorabilia, 2.9.8
    • Aristophanes, Acharnians, 516
    • Aristophanes, Lysistrata, 611
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: